States and Capitals of India

India, which is officially known as ‘The Republic of India’, is a country in South Asia. With a population over 1.35 billion, it is the second-most populous country, the 7th largest country by area. Is it also the most populous democracy in the world. India is one of the oldest civilizations in the whole world with a prismatic and rich culture tradition.  It has achieved its all-round social and economic progress since its Independence.

The parliamentary form of government governs the country. As it’s a difficult task to manage and run a large country from one place, therefore Indian Constitution give right to the central government to make states to make it easier to govern the country in a better manner.

At present, there are a total of 28 states and 8 union territories (UT’s) in India. Each state of India has its own administrative, legislative and judicial capital. In few states all three functions (administrative, legislative and judicial) are conducted in one capital. Every state is governed by a Chief Minister which is chosen by the people of the states by means of elections.

As being a responsible citizen we must have knowledge about the States, union territories and capitals of India.

All states, including the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi, elect their own legislatures and governments, which is patterned on the Westminster model. The remaining five union territories are directly ruled by the central government through appointed administrators.

 

LIST OF STATES AND THEIR CAPITALS

StatesCapitals
Andhra PradeshHyderabad (Proposed Capital Amaravati)
Arunachal PradeshItanagar
AssamDispur
BiharPatna
ChhattisgarhRaipur
GoaPanaji
GujaratGandhinagar
HaryanaChandigarh
Himachal PradeshShimla
JharkhandRanchi
KarnatakaBengaluru (formerly Bangalore)
KeralaThiruvananthapuram
Madhya PradeshBhopal
MaharashtraMumbai
ManipurImphal
MeghalayaShillong
MizoramAizawl
NagalandKohima
OdishaBhubaneswar
PunjabChandigarh
RajasthanJaipur
SikkimGangtok
Tamil NaduChennai
TelanganaHyderabad
TripuraAgartala
Uttar PradeshLucknow
UttarakhandDehradun(Winter), Gairsain (Summer)
West BengalKolkata

LIST OF UNION TERRITORIES AND THEIR CAPITALS

The Union Territories of Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli have been merged to  a single union territory since January 26 through a Bill passed by the Parliament in the winter session.

On August 5, the central government revoked the special status given to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 and as a result it was divided into two Union Territories.

With these amendments, currently the number of UT’s is 8.

Union territoriesCapital
Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPort Blair
ChandigarhChandigarh
Dadra and Nagar Haveli,Daman & DiuDaman
Delhi NewDelhi
LakshadweepKavaratti
Puducherry (Pondicherry)Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry)
Jammu and KashmirSrinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)
LadakhLeh

Jammu and Kashmir, Delhi, and Puducherry possess their own legislative assembly and executive council and operate like states. The remaining union territories are controlled and regulated by the Union of the country, hence they are named as a union territory.