National Farmer’s day in India
In our daily life, we may meet an engineer doctor lawyer for multiple times a day, but the most under-rated profession that we come across on a regular basis is a farmer. He provides us the fuel for human body i.e. food and assists us in living life. Starting from the morning bed tea to that of the night snacks are provided by those who work hard endlessly to fulfill the nutritional needs of human beings. Once a conservative American radio broadcaster for the ABC Radio Networks Paul Harvey, said, God looked down on the earth and said: “I need a caretaker for this world I have made.” And so he created the farmers. Once Sardar Ballabh Bhai Patel was asked about India’s culture, he replied, “Our culture is agriculture.”
India is chiefly an agricultural country and the main source of income is agriculture as a backbone for India’s economic development. More than 80% of the rural population of India contributes 14-15% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Farmers play a vital role in the economic development of the country, as more than 40% of the total employment in India is employed in the Agricultural Sector as per the 2017 World Bank report. India has generated the highest employment since 1947 in the agricultural sector.
National Farmer’s Day also known as Kisan Divas is celebrated every year on 23rd December in India to pay homage to the farmers of the country, and to mark the birth anniversary of India’s 5th Prime Minister Chaudhary Charan Singh. He is also known as the Kisan leader. He served as the Prime Minister from 28 July 1979 until 14 January 1980 and deceased in 1987. His memorial is located in New Delhi and known as Kisan Ghat. It was decided by the government of India to celebrate Farmers Day in 2001.
This day is celebrated to encourage the farmers across the country by organizing various activities for Farmers where the winners are rewarded with different prizes and promote awareness to understand the importance of the contributions by the farmers in the society for overall economic and social development of the country. Many activities, workshops, seminars on agriculture are organized on this day by the Government.
About Chaudhary Charan Singh
Chaudhary Charan Singh, the Kisan Leader, was the 5th Prime Minister of India who served the country for a very short period from July 28, 1979, to January 14, 1980. He was born on December 23, 1902, in Hapur, Uttar Pradesh in a farmer family. Although he was a very simple-minded man, he introduced many policies to improve the Indian Farmer’s life. He followed the slogan of the 2nd Prime Minister of India, Lal Bahadur Shashtri “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” from pre- Independence to the post Independence era. He wrote several books on farmers and their problems depicting various solutions to improve the lives of the farmers of the nation as major population of India have agriculture as their source of income. During his incumbency as the Prime Minister of India, Chaudhary Charan Singh introduced various policies to ameliorate the lives and conditions of farmers in the country. He has done a major contribution in the agricultural sector of the country by introducing bills for farmers’ reforms. It is believed that ‘Zamindari Abolition Bill-1952’ was passed due to Chaudhary Charan Singh’s hard work. His hard work drafted and enacted various Bills of farmer’s reforms.
National Farmers Day is celebrated every year especially in those states which are diligently engrossed in farming such as Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh among others.
Let us know how this day is celebrated:-
- The National Farmers’ Day is celebrated by providing information that would be lucrative to the occupation of farming. The farmers are taught by officials of the agricultural community guide about the latest technologies available, use of fertilizers, precautions to be taken while using chemical fertilizers and insecticides, availability of loans, etc.
- Attending these programs is highly beneficial to the farmers as the officials suggest possible ideas and tricks to the farmers.
- As Uttar Pradesh has the highest population in the country and most of its people are engaged in farming and allied activities, the states of India which are rich in agriculture such as Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, and various other states are taking ideas from Uttar Pradesh for celebrating Kisan Diwas.
Farming is one of the oldest jobs around as it started around 12,000 years ago with the domestication of livestock. We pay respect to their hard work and should encourage others also equally as farmer works very hard day and night to provide the livestock in the required amount. The Green Revolution evolved in Punjab and Haryana, in 60s transformed the agricultural picture of the Nation to a great extent increasing the productivity of the country and making India self – sufficient in several agro commodities. Despite several policies, technologies, and improvements agriculture in India is still in a dreadful state. Every year, the farmers of India have to fight natural crises such as drought, floods, etc.
There’s a famous saying about farmers that:
“In Winter’s Chill or summer’s Heat..
Farmers and Ranchers work hard so that the World can eat”