Major Forts in India
As its worldwide known that India has an affluent history over previous centuries, it is a treasure repertory of architectural gems. The land of India has been embellished with some of the most sublime forts in the world. The gigantic forts have witnessed the great kings and vicious battles that formed the heart and soul of ancient India. Our country’s glorious past can be described by these forts which contribute to its popularity on the tourist map. These forts and monuments are embellished with colourful frescoes and lattice work that would make you fall in with them at once.
One of the most popular tourist appeals in India are the forts standing as proof of an acclaimed past and magnificent craftsmanship. Many of the forts have quiet interesting stories around them and many are mentioned in salient history books. Each bastion, window, porch, courtyard and even the outer wall recount historic tales.
The enormous forts take one back in the glorious time of Maharajas and Emperors which reflects a lavish culture, history and a good taste in architecture. One can easily fall in love with these stunning pieces of architecture that India is so proud of which have been done up in a such way with fine mosaic, frescoes, latticework.
The two most famous forts – the Agra Fort and the Red Fort – are among the UNESCO World Heritage sites in India. There are many more hill forts, marine forts, and jungle forts that are consummate for a day out. Most of the forts in India are actually castles, bolster palaces or fortresses.
The forts used to be the capital of each raja or chieftain and around them townships grew and developed. The similar pattern can be seen in many South Asian cities such as Delhi, Agra, Rajasthan, Lahore, Pune, Kolkata, Surat and Mumbai.
HERE’S A LIST AND FEW DETAILS OF FEW MAJOR FORTS IN INDIA :-
- Mehrangarh Fort
Mehrangarh Fort, located in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, is one of the largest forts in India. It is believed that it was built around 1460 by Rao Jodha, the Rathore clan chief. The fort is situated 410 feet (125 m) above the city and is enclosed by striking thick walls. Inside its boundaries there are the Moti Mahal (Pearl Palace), Phool Mahal (Flower Palace), Sheesha Mahal (Mirror Palace), Sileh Khana and Daulat Khana which are known for their convoluted carvings and expansive courtyards.
- Red Fort
The Red Fort is a historical fort in the city of Delhi in India. It was constructed by the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1639 as the palace of his fortified capital Shahjahanabad and is named for its enormous enclosing walls of red sandstone. Until 1857, for nearly 200 years it had been the main residence of the Mughal dynasty emperors.
- Bhujia Fort
Bhujia Fort (Bhujiya Fort) is located in Bhuj in the district of Kutch, Gujarat built on Bhujia Hill. Rao Godji I (1715–1718) ruler of Kingdom of Kutch started the construction of Bhujia fort as a sort of outwork defence for Bhuj. However, the major work and completion was done during the rule of his son, Deshalji I (1718–1741). Since its construction the Fort has seen six major battles, most of which were fought in the years 1700-1800 AD between the Rajput rulers of Kutch and Muslim raiders from Sindh and the Mughal rulers of Gujarat.
- Gwalior Fort
Gwalior Fort is an 8th-century hill fort near Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh built by Man Singh Tomar. The fort consists of a defensive structure and two main palaces, Gujari Mahal and Man Mandir. The fort has been controlled by a number of different rulers in its history. The Gujari Mahal palace which is now an archaeological museum was built for Queen Mrignayani.
Mudgal is a panchayat town in Lingsugur taluk, Raichur district of Karnataka. Advantage was taken of a hillock in the construction of the fort at Mudgal. The outer fortifications of Mudgal cover an area of half a square mile.
- Agra Fort
Agra Fort is located in the city of Agra. When Mughal capital was shifted from Agra to Red Fort in Delhi it was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal Dynasty till 1638. It has been spread in 380,000-square-metre (94-acre). The fort has a semicircular plan, its chord lies parallel to the river and its walls are seventy feet high.
Rajgad is one of the forts in the Pune district of Maharashtra state in India. The fort is around 1,400 m (4,600 ft) above sea level. It was capital of the Maratha Empire during the rule of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj for almost 26 years and was earlier known as Murumdev.
- Jaisalmer Fort
Jaisalmer Fort is one of the largest fully preserved fortified cities in the world, situated in the city of Jaisalmer, Rajasthan. It was built by the Rajput ruler Rawal Jaisal in 1156 AD. The fort stands amidst the sandy expanse of the great Thar Desert, on Trikuta Hill. Before the days of the British Raj, the fortress city served as a refuge and way-station for caravans and travelers along the Silk Road.
Golkonda, also known as Golconda, Gol konda (“Round shaped hill”), is a fort in Southern India and was the capital of the medieval sultanate of the Qutb Shahi dynasty (c.1518–1687). It is situated 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) west of Hyderabad. Golkonda Fort was first built by the Kakatiya dynasty as part of their western defenses along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort.
- Chittor Fort
The Chittor Fort or Chittorgarh is one of the largest forts in India and a World Heritage Site. Presently it is situated in the Chittorgarh town and earlier was the capital of Mewar . It sprawls over a hill 180 m (590.6 ft) in height spread over an area of 280 ha (691.9 acres) above the plains of the valley drained by the Berach River. The fort confine has several historical palaces, gates, temples and two prominent commemoration towers.