LAKES IN INDIA (STATE-WISE)

A surface water body surrounded by land is a lake. Lakes can be fresh water lakes, saline (salt) water lakes, natural lakes, artificial lakes, oxbow lakes (formed by river deposits), crater lakes (formed due to volcanic activities). They are found in hilly areas, plains, plateaus, rift zones etc. Lakes in India provide the great source of irrigation, drinking water, navigation and livelihood. Karnataka is the state with highest number of lakes.

Wular Lake, Jammu and Kashmir

Some important facts of lakes are-

Largest Freshwater Lake- Wular Lake, Jammu and Kashmir

Largest Saline water Lake- Chilka Lake, Orissa

Highest Lake (Altitude)- Cholamu Lake, Sikkim

Longest Lake- Vembanad Lake,Kerala

Most Important Lakes in India

StateLake nameDistrictType Of LakeDescription
Andhra PradeshKolleru LakeVijayawadaFresh WaterHome for Migratory birds
Pulicat LakeSullurpetBrackish WaterEncompasses Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary. The barrier island of Sriharikota separates the lagoon from Bay of Bengal and is home for Satish Dhawan Space Centre.
Nagarjuna SagarGuntur in Andhra Pradesh and Nalgonda in TelanganaFresh WaterArtificially constructed over Krishna River; it straddles the border between Guntur district in Andhra Pradesh and Nalgonda in Telangana.
AssamChandubi LakeKamrupFresh WaterFormed on 12 June,1897 due to earthquake.Lake attracts migratory birds in the season of winter.
Deepor BeelKamrupFresh WaterCalled wetland under Ramsar Convention in November 2002.
Haflong LakeSilcharFresh WaterHigh altitude lake.
Son BeelKarimganjFresh Water (Tectonically formed)Largest wetland in India and 2 nd largest in Asia.
BiharKanwar LakeBegusaraiOxbow (Fresh water)Asia,s largest freshwater oxbow lake; home to about 60 migratory birds comes from Central Asia in winter and 106 species of resident birds.
GujaratHamirsar LakeKutchArtificial LakeSituated in centre of Bhuj, Mid lake island (in centre of lake) earlier known as Green Island, now renamed as Rajendra Park.
Kankaria LakeAhemdabadArtificial LakeConstruction started by Sultan MUizz-ud-Din Muhammad Shah II in 15 th Century and completed by Sultan Qutb-ud-Din Ahmad Shah II in 1451.
Narayan SarovarKutchArtificial FreshwaterPilgrimage place for Hindus
Thol LakeMehsanaLentic Lake (relatively still water lake)Constructed for irrigation purpose in 1912. Declared as bird sanctuary in 1988.
VastrapurAhemdabadFresh waterWater comes from Narmada river; Picnic spot; lake almost dried up in 2016.
HaryanaBadkal LakeFaridabadFresh waterLake was built after independence in 1947 to provide water services to nearby farms.
Blue Bird LakeHisarFresh waterResident and endangered migratory bird’s wetland habitat.
Brahma SarovarThaneswarFresh waterAncient Water pool sacred to Hinduism.
Damdama LakeSohnaFresh waterConstructed by British govt. for rainwater harvesting.
Karna LakeKarnalFresh waterConnected to great epic Mahabharat
Tilyar LakeRohtakFresh water (canal inflow)Located inside Tilyar zoo.
Himachal PradeshChandra TaalLahul and SpitiSweet water LakeCalled Chandertal Wetland under Ramsar Wetland in 2005.
Maharana Pratap SagarKangraFreshwaterRamsar Site
Prashar LakeMandiHolomitic (Freshwater)It has floating island.
Suraj TaalLahul and SpitiFreshwater (High Altitude)Sacred body of water means lake of the Sun God.
Jammu and KashmirDal LakeSrinagarWarm monomiticKnown as “Lake of Flowers” or “Jewel in crown of Kashmir”; Remants of past glacial period.
(Union Territory)Wular LakeBandiporaTectonic lake (fresh water)Largest freshwater lake in India; formed due to tectonic activity and fed by Jhelum river.
KarnatakaAgata LakeBangaloreFreshwaterLocated in southwest part of the city.
Bellandur LakeBangaloreFreshwaterLargest lake in the city.
Honnamana Kere (Honnama Lake)KodaguFreshwaterHoly lake
Karanji LakeMysore-Surrounded by a nature park consisting of butterfly park and walk-through aviary. This is biggest walk-through aviary in India.
Kukarahalli LakeMysoreFreshwaterWas once a big attraction for bird watchers. About 176 species of birds including migratory birds and birds from Siberia visits the lake during winters.
Pampa SarovarHampiFreshwaterOne of the five sacred sarovars; to the south of Tungabhadra River.
Ulsoor LakeBangaloreStale waterHave several islands
KeralaAshtamudi KayalKollamBrackish WaterLarge palm-shaped water body; ramsar wetland site.
Kuttanad Lake Alappuzha, Kottayam-Known for paddy cultivation and geographical peculiarities.
Vembanad Lake-Brackish waterLongest Lake in India; second largest Ramsar site in India.
Shashtamkotta LakeKollamFreshwater Largest freshwater lake in Kerala ; wetland under Ramsar Conevntion Site
Ladakh (Union Territory)Pangong Tso-Endoheric Lake (Fresh water)Extends from India to Tibetan Autonomous Region,China. Approx. 60% length lies in China.
Tso Moriri-Brackish waterLocated on Changthang Plateau. Under Ramsar Wetland.
Madhya PradeshBhojtalBhopalFresh waterKnown as Upper Lake.
MaharashtraLonar LakeBuldhanaCrater LakeNational Geo-heritage Monument. Created by asteroid collision with earth impact during the Pleistocene Epoch.
Salim Ali LakeAurangabadFresh waterContains small bird Sanctuary and good for bird watching in winters.
Shivsagar LakeSataraFresh waterFormed after Koyna river impunded by Koyna dam.
ManipurLoktak LakeMoirangLenticular FreshwaterLargest freshwater lake in Northeast India; famous for phumdis(floating islands).
MeghalayaUmiam LakeShillongFreshwaterCreated by damming the Umiam river in 1960s. Famous for boating and cycling.
MizoramTam DilSaitualFreshwaterAlso called as “Lake of the Mustard”.
OrissaChilika Lake PuriBrackish WaterIndia’s largest brackish water lake and second largest in world.
Kanjia Lake BhubaneswarFreshwaterHas rich biodiversity and wetland of national importance.
PunjabHarikeFerozepurFreshwaterLargest wetland in northern India in border of Tarn Taran Sahib district and Ferozepur district.
KanjliRupnagarFreshwaterRamsar Wetland site.
Rupar KapurthalaFreshwaterMan-made riverine lake; Sutlej river inflows.
RajasthanRajsamand Lake RajsamandFreshwaterConstructed by Rana Raj Singh in 1660.
Sambhar Lake Sambhar Lake-townSaltwaterIndia’s largest inland salt lake; surrounds the historical Sambhar Lake Town.
SikkimCholamu Lake North Sikkim-Highest Lake in India and world in terms of altitude
Khecheoplari Lake West SikkimFreshwaterSacred lake for both Hindus and Buddhists.
Tsomgo LakeEast SikkimFreshwaterLake remains frozen during winters.
Tamil NaduChembarambakkamChennaiArtificial LakeAdyar river originates from this lake. In 2019, it dried up.
Ooty Lake NilgrisFreshwaterKnown as ooty boat house; major tourist attractions.
TelanganaBadrakali LakeWarangalArtificial Freshwater Lake Constructed by Ganpati Deva of Kakatiya Dynasty.
Hussain SagarHyderabadArtificial LakeHeart-shaped lake; statue of Gautam Buddha erected in 1992 stands on Gibraltar Rock in middle of lake.
Uttar PradeshBelasagarKulpaharFreshwaterSource of irrigation in the area.
Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar SonbhadraArtificial LakeAlso known as Rihand dam; largest dam of India by volume.
UttarakhandBhimtalNainitalFreshwaterAncient place named after Bhima of Mahabharat; medium altitude lake.
West BengalEast Calcutta wetlandsCalcuttaBrackish waterUnder Ramsar wetland site.
  • Brackish water contains less than 3% salt. Whereas saline water contains more than 3% salt.

Some other lakes in India are-

StateLake Name
Andhra PradeshCumbum
Kaniairi Lake
Kondakarla Ava
AssamChapnala Lake
Gaurisagar Lake
Joysagar Lake
Rudrasagar Lake
Saron Beel
Sivasagar Lake
BiharGhora Katora
Chandigarh (Union Territory)Sukhna Lake
GujaratGopi Talav
Nal Sarovar
Sardar Sarovar Dam
Saputara Lake
Bortalav
Dharoi Dam
Damodar Kund
Bindu Sarovar
Gomti Lake
Shakoor Lake
Soor Sagar Lake
Lakhota Lake
HaryanaSannihit Sarovar
Surajkund
Himachal Pradesh Brighu Lake
Chander Naun
Dashair
Dehnasar Lake
Ghadhasaru Lake
Govind Sagar Lake
Kamrunag Lake
Kareri Lake
Lama Lake
MAhakali Lake
Manimahesh Lake
Nako Lake
Pong Dam Lake
Rewalsar Lake
Jammu and Kashmir (Union Territory)Anchar Lake
Brari Nambal
Gadsar Lake
Gamgabal Lake
Gil Sar
Kausar Nag
Khushal Sar
Manasbal Lake
Mansar Lake
Marsar Lake
Nandan Sar Lake
Nundkol Lake
Satsar Lake
Sheshnag Lake
Tarsar Lake
Tulian Lake
Vishansar Lake
Nigeen Lake
LadakhTso Kar
Kyagar Tso
KarnatakaMamadapur Badshah Lake
Hebbal Lake
Jaranganahalli Lake
Lalbagh Lake
Madiwala Lake
Puttenahalli Lake(JP Nagar)
Puttenahalli Lake(Yelahanka)
Sarakki Lake
Varthur Lake
Yelahanka Lake
Lingambudhi Lake
Sulekere
KeralaMaanaanchira,Kozhikode
Padinijarechira,Thrissur city
Paravur Kayal
Vadakkechira, Thrissur city
Vanchikulam, Thrissur
Vellayani Lake
Veli Lake
Madhya PradeshLower Lake
Tawa Reservoir
Sagar Lake
MaharashtraGorewada Lake
Khindsi Lake
Pashan Lake
Powai Lake
Rankala Lake
Talao Pali
Tansa Lake
Tusli Lake
Upvan Lake
Vaitarna Lake
Venna Lake
Vihar Lake
Chatri Lake
Mastani Lake
ManipurPumlenpat
Ikop Pat
Loukoipat
Yaralpat
Laphipat
Shilempat
Keisampat(Extinct)
Porompat(Extinct)
Zaimeng Lake
Zeilad Lake
MizoramPalak Dil
OdishaVictoria Sagar Lake
Anshupa Lake
Puducherry(UT)Bahour Lake
Ousteri Lake
Velrampet Lake
Nallambal Lake
RajasthanBalsamand Lake
Dhebar Lake
Jal Mahal, Man Sagar Lake
Kaylana Lake
Loonkaransar
Nakki Lake
Pachpadra Lake
Pushkar Lake
Ramgarh Lake
Talwara Lake
Ummed Sagar Bandh
Ana Sagar Lake
Lake Foy Sagar
Fateh Sagar Lake
Pichola Lake
Lake Badi
Swaeoop Sagar Lake
Udaisagar Lake
Govardhan Sagar Lake
SikkimSamiti Lake
Gurudongmar Lake
Tamil Nadu Adambakkam Lake
Berijram Lake
Singanallur Lake
Ukkadam Lake
Kaliveli Lake
Kodaikanal Lake
Perumal Eri
Red Hills Lake
Sholavaram Lake
Veeranam Lake
TelanganaDurgam Cheruvu
Himayat Sagar
Laknavaram Lake
Mir Alam Tank
Osman Sagar
Pakhal Lake
Saroornagar Lake
Shamirpet Lake
Waddepally Lake
Ramappa Lake
Gangaram Chruvu
Ameenpur Lake
Fox Sagar Lake
Gandigudem Cheruvu
Uttar PradeshBarua Sagar Tal
Keetham Lake
Ramgarh Tal Lake
Bakhira Tal Lake
Sarsai Jheel Lake
Moti Jheel
Fulhar Lake
Sheetal Jheel
Surha Tal
UttarakhandSkeleton Lake(Roopkund Lake)
West BengalJore Pokhri
Mirik Lake
Rabindra Sarovar
Rasikbil
Santragachhi Lake
Senchal Lake