Important Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks

Indian subcontinents are well known for its Cultural diversity and also for sundry range of flora and fauna. Human activities are authorized in a wildlife sanctuary whereas these are completely restricted in a national park. Therefore, India houses a number of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks that help in preserving the wildlife in its natural form. Hunting and grazing are permitted in wildlife sanctuaries whereas totally prohibited in a national park. The spectacular natural beauty across the national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in India attracts millions of tourists every year.

The wildlife of India is diverse and its national parks and biosphere reserves are home to many endangered wildlife species like Royal Bengal Tigers and Red Panda, the vulnerable one-horned Rhinoceros and Snow Leopards, and critically endangered Great Indian Bustard, among many other species of flora and fauna. These are the suitable place for biodiversity conservation. National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries are protected areas declared by Government with the primary objective to preserve wildlife, save flora & fauna and restore the natural ecological balance.

India possesses 104 national parks, 551 Wildlife Sanctuaries. There are a total of 870 Protected Areas which make 5.06% of the geographical area of the country. India’s first biosphere reserve Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve was established in 1986. The oldest national park in India is Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand, established in 1936. It is spread in 520.82 sq km area, and is home to a rich flora and fauna, including the Royal Bengal Tigers. The Great Rann of Kutch, with an area of 12454 sq km, is the largest biosphere reserve in India and Hemis National Park in Ladakh with an area of 4400 sq km, is the largest national park in India.

 

NATIONAL PARK

National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife and biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. The first national park in India was established as Hailey National Park in the year 1936 and later renamed as Corbett National Park. National Parks are the suitable place for biodiversity conservation. These are protected areas declared by Government. There are 103 National Parks in India. Madhya Pradesh and Andaman & Nicobar Islands have the maximum number of National Parks (9 each). In national parks, the emphasis is on the preservation of a single floral or fauna species. Thanks to India’s biodiversity, there is at least one national park in each state that displays vivid flora and fauna of the region.

 

Facts about National Parks

  1. Largest National Park: Hemis National Park, Jammu & Kashmir
  2. Smallest National Park: South Button Island National Park, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  3. Largest Wildlife Sanctuary: Rann of Kutch, Gujarat
  4. Smallest Wildlife Sanctuary: Bor Tiger reserve, Maharashtra

 

Andaman and Nicobar lslands

  1. Campbell
  2. Galathea
  3. Mahatma Gandhi Marine
  4. Middle Button Island
  5. Mount Harriet
  6. North Button Island
  7. Rani Jhansi Marine
  8. Saddle Peak
  9. South Button Island

Andhra Pradesh

  1. Kasu Brahmananda Reddy
  2. Mahaveer Harina Vanasthal
  3. Mrugavani
  4. Sri Venkataeswara

Arunachal Pradesh 1. Mouling

  1. Namdapha

Assam

  1. Dibru-Saikhowa
  2. Kaziranga
  3. Manas
  4. Nameri
  5. Orang

Bihar

Valmikinagar

Chhattisgarh

  1. Indravati
  2. Kangerghati
  3. Sanjay

Goa

Mollen

Gujarat

  1. Bansda
  2. Gir
  3. Marine (Gulf of Kachchh)

Himachal Pradesh

  1. Great Himalayan
  2. Pin Valley

Jammu and Kashmir

  1. City Forest (Salim Ali)
  2. Dachigam
  3. Hemis
  4. Kistwar

Jharkhand

Betla

Karnataka

  1. Anshi
  2. Bandipur
  3. Bannerghatta
  4. Kudremukh
  5. Nagarahole

Kerala

  1. Eravikulam
  2. Periyar
  3. Silent Valley

Madhya Pradesh

  1. Bandhavagarh
  2. Fossil
  3. Kanha
  4. Madhav
  5. Panna
  6. Pench (Priyadarshini)
  7. Sanjay
  8. Satpur
  9. Van Vihar

Manipur

Keibul-Lamjao

Maharashtra

  1. Gugamal
  2. Nawegaon
  3. Pench
  4. Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli)
  5. Tadoba

Meghalaya

  1. Balphakram
  2. Nokrek Ridge

Mizoram

Murlen

Odisha

  1. Bhitarkanika
  2. Similipal

Rajasthan

  1. Desert
  2. Keoladeo Ghana
  3. Ranthambore
  4. Sariska

Sikkim

Khangchendzonga (Kanchenjunga)

Tamil Nadu

  1. Guindy
  2. Gulf of Mannar Marine
  3. Indira Gandhi (Annamalai)
  4. Mudumalai
  5. Mukurthi

Uttarakhand

  1. Corbett
  2. Gangotri
  3. Gobind
  4. Nanda Devi
  5. Rajaji
  6. Valley of Flowers (Phoolon ki Ghati)

Uttar Pradesh

Dudhwa

West Bengal

  1. Buxa
  2. Gorumara
  3. Neora Valley
  4. Singhlila
  5. Sunderbans

 

WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES

Wildlife Sanctuary is an area bounded for the protection of a particular species of flora and fauna. Limited human activities are allowed by the state authorities for the people living inside it. Any exploitation of wildlife is punishable offense and removal of forest produce requires a recommendation from relevant National or State Wildlife Board. However, grazing and movement of cattle is permitted in Wildlife Sanctuaries. India houses a number of wildlife sanctuaries that help in preserving the wildlife in its natural form. Animals are bought here to live and to be protected from any sort of disturbance for the rest of their lives. Here it is aimed to provide a comfortable living to the animals. The main objective of establishing wildlife sanctuaries is to educate humans as how to treat the animals.

 

List of Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Great Nicobar

Andhra Pradesh

  1. Nagarjuna Sagar Srisailam
  2. Eturnagaram
  3. Kolleru
  4. Pulicat

Arunachal Pradesh

Pakui-bameri

Assam

Garampani

Bihar

Gautam Buddha (Gaya)

Himachal Pradesh

  1. Gobind Sagar
  2. Shikari Devi (Mandi)

Jharkhand

  1. Palamau
  2. Hazaribagh

Karnataka

  1. Bhadra
  2. Dandeli
  3. Ranganathittu

Kerala

  1. Waynad
  2. Nayyar

Madhya Pradesh

  1. Bori-Satpura
  2. Pachmarhi
  3. National Chambal

Goa

Bhagwan Mahaveer

Maharashtra

  1. Kanheri
  2. Melghat

Mizoram

Dampa

Odisha

  1. Satkasia
  2. Nandan Kanan (Bhubaneshwar)
  3. Chandka
  4. Chilika Lake

Punjab

Abohar

Rajasthan

  1. Mount Abu
  2. Tal Chhappar

Tamil Nadu

  1. Vedanthangal
  2. Point Calimere
  3. Mundanthurai

Uttar Pradesh

Chandraprabha (Varanasi)

West Bengal

  1. Mahanadi
  2. Joldapara
  3. Sajanakhali