Important Rivers and Cities
India is a country of rivers and most Indian cities lie on the banks of some of the major Rivers. Most of the major rivers of India end up joining the Bay of Bengal or the Arabian Sea.
A river is a large, natural stream of flowing water. Rivers are found on every continent and on nearly every kind of land. Rivers have always been important to people. The importance of rivers to a city is manifold. Rivers play an important role in our lives directly or indirectly. They provide us with potable water, mode of transportation, electricity and livelihood. In prehistoric times, people settled along the banks of rivers, where they found fish to eat and water for drinking, cooking, and bathing. Later, people learned that the fertile soil along rivers is good for growing crops. Hence, most of all the major cities and towns of India are located on the banks of rivers. When towns and industries developed, the rushing water of rivers supplied power to operate machinery. Hundreds of factories operated mills powered by rivers.
The Ganges is the greatest river on Asia’s Indian subcontinent. It is sacred to the millions of followers of the Hindu religion. For thousands of years, Hindus have worshipped the river as a goddess, Ganga Ma (Mother Ganges). Hindus believe the river’s water purifies the soul and heals the body. Although millions of people use the Ganges every day for bathing, drinking, and industry, it does not usually spread cholera, typhoid, or other water borne disease. Scientists have found that unique bacteriophages viruses that destroy bacteria kill germs in the water of the Ganges.
Rivers symbolizes human health, since fresh water from rivers is essential to our communities and us. Another value embodied in a river is that of habitat, highlighting the importance of protecting freshwater ecosystems for fish and wildlife both in the river itself, and along its banks.
If we analyze, most of the civilization has taken place near the rivers only. Many decades ago people started settled around rivers as water is a basic necessity. Such towns have grown manifold now into cities. Cities build near water bodies have many advantages. Urban areas close water take into consideration water transportation, livelihood, and agriculture which are essential. This has helped the region to develop in socio-economic-geographical aspects.
List of Rivers and Cities
|Name of the River||Name of the City|
|Daman Ganga River||Daman|
|Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati||Allahabad|