Important Inventions And Discoveries

A discovery is recognizing something that already exists for the first time, that nobody has found before.

An invention is creating something totally new with one’s own ideas and development.

Discovery is the act of detecting something new, or something previously unrecognized as meaningful.

With reference to sciences and academic disciplines, discovery is the observation of new phenomena, new actions, or new events and providing new reasoning to explain the knowledge gathered through such observations with previously acquired knowledge from abstract thought and everyday experiences.

A discovery may sometimes be based on earlier discoveries, collaborations, or ideas.

From the moment we are born, discovery plays a vital role in our development as human beings.

The invention process is a process within an overall engineering and product development process. It may be an improvement upon a machine or product or a new process for creating an object or a result.

Some inventions can be patented.

A patent legally protects the intellectual property rights of the inventor and legally recognizes that a claimed invention is actually an invention.

The rules and requirements for patenting an invention vary by country and the process of obtaining a patent is often expensive.

  • Fire is the first ever discovery of the world.
  • Wheel is the first ever invention of the wolrd.
  • Switzerland is considered the world leader in innovation, which is generally a much broader term than “invention.”
  • Albert Einstein is considered as one of the greatest scientists.

Invention is the most important product of scientific knowledge.

Without invention, science would be merely inquiry for its own sake, serving few and helping no one.

Invention involves the discovery of new processes, ideas or tools.

List of important Inventions and Discoveries:

NameDiscovered/Invented By
1. FireHumans
2. WheelsMesopotamians
3. NailAncient Egypt
4. Optical LensesAncient Egypt and Mesopotamians
5. CompassAncient Chinese
6. PaperAncient Chinese
7. GunpowderChinese
8. Printing PressJohannes Gutenberg
9. ElectricityAncient Egypt and Ancient Greece
10. Steam EngineJames Watt
11. Internal Combustion EngineEtienne Lenoir
12. TelephoneAlexander Graham Bell
13. VaccinationEdward Jenner
14. CarsKarl Benz
15. AirplaneAmerican Wright brother
16. PenicillinAlexander Fleming
17. RocketsAncient Chinese
18. Nuclear FissionOtto Hahn and Fritz Stassmann
19. SemiconductorJohn Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley
20. ComputerCharles Babbage