Important Dams and Rivers
The rivers and dams of India play a vital role in the lives of the people. Rivers provide potable water, cheap transportation, electricity, and the livelihood for many people nationwide while Dams are used to produce electricity by using water which is also known as Hydroelectricity.
A dam is an impediment that stops the flow of water and results in the creation of a reservoir. The major dams in India have helped the inhabitants in a number of ways like:
- Providing adequate water for domestic, industry and irrigation purposes.
- Hydroelectric power production and river navigation.
- Recreation areas for fishing and boating.
- Reduction of floods.
List Of Major Dams in India
|Bhavani Sagar dam||Tamil Nadu||Bhavani|
|Rihand Dam||Uttar Pradesh||Rihand|
|Mettur Dam||Tamil Nadu||Kaveri|
|Indira Sagar Dam||Madhya Pradesh||Narmada|
|Sardar Sarovar Dam||Gujarat||Narmada|
|NagarjunaSagar Dam||Andhra Pradesh||Krishna|
|Bhakra Nangal Dam||Punjab||Sutlej|
Highest Dam in India
Height: 260 meters
Length: 575 meters
River: Bhagirathi River
Year of completion:2006 (1st phase)
Longest Dam in India
Hirakud Dam (Odisha)
Total Length: 25.79 km (16.03 mi)
Length of Main Dam:4.8 km (3.0 mi)
Year of completion:1953
Oldest Dam in India
Kallanai Dam(Tamil Nadu)
Location: Tamil Nadu
Year of completion: 100 BC –100 AD
India is contemplated as the land of rivers as there are numerous rivers flowing across the country. The rivers in India have been divided into two – Himalayan Rivers (rivers that originate from the Himalayas) and Peninsular Rivers (rivers that originate in the Peninsula). Himalayan Rivers are eternal while Peninsular Rivers are rain fed. Some rivers are considered sacred by the Hindus, and even few are worshipped in the form of gods and goddesses.
Most of the Indian rivers flow eastwards and drain into the Bay of Bengal but there are three rivers in India that run from east to the west Narmada, Mahi and Tapti River.
List of Rivers
|River||Originates From||Falls into|
|Ganges||Gangotri Glacier||Bay of Bengal|
|Brahmaputra||Angsi Glacier (Tibet)||Bay of Bengal|
|Indus||Tibet, Kailash Range||Arabian Sea|
|Godavari||Triambakeshwar, Maharashtra||Bay of Bengal|
|Narmada||Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh||Arabian Sea|
|Krishna||Near Mahabaleswar, Maharashtra||Bay of Bengal|
|Yamuna||Yamunotri Glacier||Ganges River|
|Mahanadi||Hills of Southeastern Chhattisgarh||Bay of Bengal|
|Kaveri||Talakaveri, Karnataka||Bay of Bengal|
|Tapti (Tapi)||Satpura Range near Multai, Madhya Pradesh||Arabian Sea|
|Sutlej||Lake Rakshastal in Tibet||Indus River|
|Chambal||Vindhya Range Near Mhow, Madhya Pradesh||Yamuna River|
|Beas||Beas Kund, Himachal Pradesh||Sutlej River|
|Tungabhadra||Koodli (where Tunga and Bhadra rivers meet), Karnataka||Krishna River|
|Sabarmati||Aravali Hills Near Udaipur, Rajasthan||Gulf of Khambhat, Arabian Sea|
List of Rivers with their length
|River||Total Length (km)|
|Indus||3180 (1114 km in India)|
|Brahmaputra||2900 (916 km in India)|