Governors of India
According to the Article 153 of Indian Constitution, there shall be a governor for each state. The Governor is the head of a state just like the President is the head of the republic. The governor and the President of India have similar power and functions at state level and Union level respectively. The governor acts as the nominal head whereas the real power lies with the Chief Ministers of the states and their councils of ministers. Although in union Territories real power lies with the lieutenant governor or administrator (an IAS officer), except in NCT of Delhi, Puducherry and Jammu and Kashmir where they shares power with a council of ministers headed by a chief minister.
At present India have 28 state governors and 8 administrators/LG of Union Territories. The Governor is the chief executive head of the state. The Governor also acts as a representative of the central Government. Governor is the constitutional head of each state. The governor is appointed by the President of India for a term of five years and holds office at the President’s pleasure.
- He or she must be a citizen of India.
- He or she must be minimum 35 years old.
- He or she must not hold any other office of profit.
- He or she must not be a member of the Legislature of the Union or of any other state.
Salary of the Governor:-
As specified in the Governor’s Act of 1982 the monthly salary of a Governor is Rs 1,10,000.
Facilities for the Governor
In addition to the monthly salary, a number of other special facilities are also availed by the governor such as medical facilities, residence facilities, traveling facilities, reimbursement of phone and electricity bills, and many other allowances.
Powers of a Governor:-
- Legislative, Judicial, Executive and Financial powers are laid down for the Governor of a State
- They have the right to address, summon, differ and dissolve the State Legislatures
- In case of unforeseen circumstances, the Governor reserves the right to make advances from the State Contingency Fund
- The Chief Justice of a State High Court is elected with the consent of the State Governor
- If no political party wins the Lok Sabha election, Governor holds the right to elect the Chief Minister for their states
- In case of constitutional emergency, the President’s rule in a state is acted upon by the Governor
- He can disqualify any member from elections with the consent of the Election Commission
- State Legislators need to lay the state budget keeping the Governor’s opinion in consideration
Key Points about Governors:-
- They are appointed for tenure of 5 years.
- The same Governor can be appointed for more than one state.
- The Governor resides in the Raj Bhavan of the state during his/her tenure and is entitled to a fixed pension.
- Sarojini Naidu was the first woman to become an Indian state Governor.
Facts related to Governor of India:-
- The first female to become the governor of the Indian state: Sarojini Naidu
- Longest-serving governor of a state: Padmaja Naidu (11 years in West Bengal)
- Draupadi Murmuis the First Tribal Woman Governor of an Indian state, Jharkhand.
List of current governors of different states of India:-
|Arunachal Pradesh||Brig. (Dr.) B. D. Mishra (Retd.)|
|Assam||Prof. Jagdish Mukhi|
|Bihar||Shri Phagu Chauhan|
|Chhattisgarh||Sushri Anusuiya Uikey|
|Goa||Shri Satya Pal Malik|
|Gujarat||Shri Acharya Dev Vrat|
|Haryana||Shri Satyadeo Narain Arya|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shri Bandaru Dattatraya|
|Jharkhand||Shrimati Droupadi Murmu|
|Karnataka||Shri Vajubhai Vala|
|Kerala||Shri Arif Mohammed Khan|
|Madhya Pradesh||Smt. Anandiben Patel|
|Maharashtra||Shri Bhagat Singh Koshyari|
|Manipur||Dr. Najma Heptulla|
|Meghalaya||Shri Tathagata Roy|
|Mizoram||Shri P.S. Sreedharan Pillai|
|Nagaland||Shri R. N. Ravi|
|Odisha||Prof. Ganeshi Lal|
|Punjab||Shri V.P. Singh Badnore|
|Rajasthan||Shri Kalraj Mishra|
|Sikkim||Shri Ganga Prasad|
|Tamil Nadu||Shri Banwarilal Purohit|
|Telangana||Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan|
|Tripura||Shri Ramesh Bais|
|Uttar Pradesh||Smt. Anandiben Patel|
|Uttarakhand||Smt. Baby Rani Maurya|
|West Bengal||Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar|
Lieutenant Governors/Administrators of UTs of India:-
|Andaman and Nicobar Island (UT)||Admiral D K Joshi (Lieutenant Governor)|
|Chandigarh (UT)||Shri.V.P. Singh Badnore (Administrator)|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli and|
|Daman and Diu (UT)||Shri Praful Patel (Administrator)|
|Delhi (NCT)||Shri Anil Baijal (Lieutenant Governor)|
|Jammu and Kashmir (UT)||Shri Girish Chandra Murmu (Lieutenant Governor)|
|Lakshadweep (UT)||Shri Dineshwar Sharma, IPS, (Administrator)|
|Puducherry (UT)||Dr. Kiran Bedi, IPS, (Retd.) (Lieutenant Governor)|
|Ladakh (UT)||Shri Radha Krishna Mathur (Lieutenant Governor)|