Daily GK Updates: 24th October 2020

“United Nations Day 2020: 75th anniversary of UN Day”.

  • UN day is observed on October 24, every year since 1948. UN Day marks the anniversary of the entry into force in 1945 of the UN Charter.
  • The UN Charter is the founding document of this great non-partisan institution that has been working towards global peace and equality.
  • The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, when the Charter had been ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States, and by a majority of other signatories.
  • The name “United Nations” was coined by the United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt and first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942, during Second World War.

Source: India Today

“CBSE introduces facial recognition systems for accessing digital documents”.

  • Using the state of the art Facial Recognition System, CBSE will  enable students, to download their digital academic documents of class X and XII.
  • This computer application matches human face from a digital image already stored in the database.
  • The computer and the human interact to map the facial features.
  • In a Similar way, a live image of the student will be matched with the photograph on the CBSE admit card already stored in repository, and once successful, the certificate will be emailed to the student.

Source: DD News   

“Mole Day 2020: 23rd October”.

  • It is celebrated every year on 23 October from 6:02 a.m. to 6:02 p.m. commemorates chemistry’s measuring unit called “Avogadro’s Number” (6.02 x 1023).
  • Mole Day was created to generate interest in the subject of Chemistry.
  • The theme of Mole Day 2020 is MOLEzilla!
  • The National Mole Day Foundation (NMDF) was established on 15 May, 1991.
  • The objective of the National Mole Day Foundation was and continues to get all persons, mainly students, interested or enthused about chemistry.

Source: Jagran Josh

“World Development Information Day: 24th October”.

 

 

  • The information and communications technologies have the potential to provide new solutions to development challenges, particularly in the context of globalization, and can foster economic growth, competitiveness, access to information and knowledge, poverty eradication, and social inclusion that will help to expedite the integration of all countries, especially developing countries, in particular the least developed countries, into the global economy.
  • Hence, the General Assembly in 1972 established World Development Information Day to draw the attention of the world to development problems and the need to strengthen international cooperation to solve them.
  • The Assembly decided that the date for the Day should coincide with United Nations Day, 24 October, which was also the date of the adoption, in 1970, of the International Development Strategy for the Second United Nations Development Decade.

Source: UN     

“Bharat Biotech’s Covid-19 vaccine gets nod for Phase 3 trial”.

  • The Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) has allowed Bharat Biotech International Limited to conduct the Phase 3 clinical trials of its vaccine candidate against the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) but added a few riders.
  • A subject expert committee on Covid-19 at the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) had recommended granting permission to the Hyderabad-based pharma company for conducting latest phase of the clinical trial of its vaccine ‘Covaxin’ after assessing the safety and immunogenicity data of Phases 1 and 2 trials.
  • Covaxin is being indigenously developedby Bharat Biotech in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). The vaccine maker had applied to the DCGI on October 2 seeking permission to conduct Phase 3 randomised double-blind placebo-controlled multicentre trial of its Covid-19 vaccine.
  • The Phase 3 clinical trial of Covaxin will cover around 28,500 subjects, aged 18 years and above, and it will be conducted in 21 sites across 10 states, including Delhi, Mumbai, Patna and Lucknow.

Source: Hindustan Times           

“India gets Chairmanship of ILO Governing body after a gap of 35 years”.

  • After a gap of 35 years, India assumed the Chairmanship of Governing Body of International Labour Organisation (ILO), with Labour Secretary Apurva Chandra being elected to the post.
  • The Chairperson of the Governing Body of ILO is a position of international repute.
  • The Governing Body (GB) is the apex executive body of the ILO, which decides policies, programmes, agenda, budget, and elects the Director-General.
  • At present, the ILO has 187 members. Chandra will be presiding over the upcoming the Governing Body’s meeting, to be held in November 2020.
  • Chandra belongs to the 1988 batch of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Maharashtra Cadre. He has spent more than seven years in the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas.

Source: Indian Express    

“UP 112 will now respond in regional dialects”.

 

  • We all find it much easier to communicate our primary problems in a language that is closer to our identities and expressions than to words and syntax. Thus, in an all-new initiative of the UP 112, the Uttar Pradesh emergency helpline number prepares to respond to its callers in their local dialects.
  • UP 112 receives around 15,000 to 17,000 calls in a day, and considering that majority of these calls respond to people who speak in regional dialects, the Uttar Pradesh Additional Director General (ADG)-112 said, that the employed staff would be trained in various dialects.
  • Developing these conversational skills, the UP 112 team will become better equipped to converse with people from rural areas with ease.
  • Developing and training the response team of the UP 112 helpline number to converse in four major local dialects of Bhojpuri, Braj, Awadhi and Bundeli will promote culture and the feeling of belongingness in people.
  • The move is a significant one and justifies the slogan ‘gaanv ki beti, sabki beti’ too.

Source: Dailyhunt  

“India’s foreign exchange reserves touch all time high of 555.12 billion dollars.     

  

  • India’s foreign exchange reserves have surged by 3.615  billion dollars to touch a fresh lifetime high of 555.12  billion dollars in the week ended 16th October.
  • Foreign currency assets, a major part of the overall reserves, increased by 3.539 billion dollars to 512.322 billion dollars.
  • Gold reserves went up by 86 million dollars in the reporting week to reach 36.685 billion dollars.
  • The country’s special drawing rights with the International Monetary Fund remained unchanged at 1.480 billion dollars; while reserve position with the IMF declined by 11 million dollars to 4.634 billion dollars.

Source: News on Air

“PM Modi to inaugurate three key Gujarat projects via video conference”.

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate three key projects in Gujarat via video conference.
  • He will launch the ‘Kisan Suryodaya Yojana’ for the state’s farmers, inaugurate the Paediatric Heart Hospital attached with UN Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre and a mobile application for tele-cardiology at the Ahmedabad Civil Hospital.
  • He will also inaugurate a ropeway at Girnar on the occasion.
  • Under the ‘Kisan Suryodaya Yojana’, which envisages providing day-time power supply for irrigation, farmers will get electricity from 5 am to 9 pm.
  • The state government has allocated a budget of Rs 3,500 crore for installing transmission infrastructure under this scheme by 2023. Over 234 ’66-Kilowatt’ transmission lines, with a total length of 3,490 circuit kilometers (CKM) will be established under the project, in addition to 220 KV substations.

Source: Economic Times                

“Singer and actor Zero Babu passes away”.

  • Playback singer, music director and actor K J Mohammed Babu, popularly known as ‘Zero’ Babu passed away. He was 80.
  • Babu attained fame as Zero Babu after he belted out the song ‘Open Zero’ in a play by the late P J Antony.
  • Babu was a recipient of the Sangeetha Nataka Akademi Award and had held numerous stage shows in Dubai, Singapore and Malaysia. Babu has also sung in nearly 90 films and various plays.
  • During his career, he had  also collaborated with prominent artists /musicians, including maestro Devarajan, P J Antony, Dakshina Moorthy, Arjunan Master, P S Divakaran, K J Joy, Jithin Shyam, M A Majeed and Ponkunnam Varkey.

Source: New Indian Express