Daily GK Update: 7th January 2020

Gaganyaan Mission: ISRO to Launch IDRSS Satellites for Seamless Crew Communication

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has announced that it aims to launch its own satellite pair for space communication purposes, called Indian Data Relay Satellite System (IDRSS).
  • Quoting ISRO chief Dr. K Sivan, a report by The Hindu states that IDRSS is already being worked on, and will be pivotal in maintaining communication with the astronaut crew and ground mission control at any given phase, during manned space missions.
  • India is set to embark upon its first ever manned space mission with Gaganyaan in 2022, and Sivan has stated that IDRSS will be imperative to the mission.

Source: News 18

How automation affects global FDI flows

  • Across the world, the rise of automation has raised concerns over its impact on employment, especially in poor countries.
  • New research, however, suggests that these fears may be overblown. While automation will disrupt the flow of capital from rich to poorer countries, the poorest countries could actually gain from automation.
  • In a World Bank study, Mary Hallward-Driemeier and Gaurav Nayyar use data sets on greenfield foreign direct investments (FDI) and industrial robot usage between 2004 and 2015 to investigate the relationship between automation and FDI flows.

Source: Live Mint

First advance estimates pegs GDP growth at 5 per cent for FY20

  • India’s economy is forecast to grow 5% this fiscal, its slowest pace in 11 years, estimates released by the government on Tuesday showed, increasing pressure on finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman to announce measures to revive demand and boost investments in the upcoming budget.
  • The projected growth rate of gross domestic product (GDP) in FY20 is the lowest since FY09, the year of the global financial crisis, when GDP grew 3.1%.
  • It reflects a sharp decline from 6.8% in FY19 as the economy is hit by a broad-based slowdown, fragile consumer sentiment and stagnant investments.

Source: The Economic Times

2019 seventh warmest year, weather toll 1,562, says IMD

  • The year 2019 was one of extremes — heat, cold, rain and cyclones — for India, killing a total of 1,562 people. The previous year, total deaths caused due to similar weather vagaries was 1,428.
  • This was stated in a weather summary titled the ‘Statement on Climate of India during 2019’ released by the India Meteorological Department (IMD) Monday. Rain and flood alone claimed 849 lives, with Bihar being the worst affected state due to unprecedented weather events experienced during all the seasons last year.
  • Interestingly, the rainfall amounts during both the Southwest Monsoon (June to September) and Northeast Monsoon (October to December) remained 109 per cent of the Long Period Average (LPA). That is, the country recorded excess rainfall during the entire year, making it an extremely wet year in recent times.

Source: The Indian Express

Centre approves Rs 5,908 crore to seven states for calamity damage relief

  • The Centre on Monday approved the release of Rs 5,908.56 crore to seven states, including Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Assam, as assistance for the damage caused due to various calamities last year.
    The Home Ministry, in a statement, said the decision was taken at a meeting of a high-level committee (HLC), chaired by Union Home Minister Amit Shah.
  • The HLC approved additional central assistance of Rs 5908.56 crore to seven states from the National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) of which Rs 616.63 crore will be given to Assam, Rs 284.93 crore to Himachal Pradesh, Rs 1869.85 crore to Karnataka, Rs 1749.73 crore to Madhya Pradesh, Rs 956.93 crore to Maharashtra, Rs 63.32 to Tripura and Rs 367.17 crore to Uttar Pradesh for floods or landslides or cloudburst during the 2019 southwest monsoon, the statement said.
Source: Business Standard

Royal Navy of Oman ships arrive in Goa for naval exercise ‘Naseem-Al-Bahr’

  • Two ships of the Royal Navy of Oman (RNO) arrived in Goa on Sunday to participate in the 12th edition of the Indo-Oman bilateral naval exercise ‘Naseem-Al-Bahr’, officials said.
  • RNOV Al Rasikh and RNOV Khassab arrived at Mormugao Port, they said.
    ‘Naseem-Al-Bahr’ (or sea breeze) is a naval exercise between the Indian Navy and the RNO, being conducted since 1993.
  • Indian Navy ships Beas and Subhadra are participating in it, with harbour phase in Goa followed by sea phase off the Goa coast.
Source: Business Standard

Yoga Science meet organised at Indian Science Congress in Bengaluru

  • A Yoga Science meet was organised yesterday as part of the ongoing Indian Science Congress in Bengaluru. The head of SVYASA Yoga deemed University Dr. HR Nagendra spoke on the benefits of Yoga in busting stress.
  • He said yoga heals the mind, body and soul thereby insulating those doing yoga from diseases. He explained about different yoga therapies and postures that can benefit people. Dr. Indranil Basu Ray, a cardiologist from Canada spoke on Yoga research. He gave examples of people practicing yoga and how it helped them cope up with ailments.

Source: News Services Division

ISRO proposes to set up Human Space Flight Centre in Challakere

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has proposed a Rs.2,700 crore master plan to create a top infrastructure that will house its young Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC). The HSFC was formally announced in January 2019. It currently works from a temporary place at the ISRO headquarters, Bengaluru, Karnataka.
  • ISRO has announced to set up India’s world-class facility for training astronauts in three years at Challakere in Chitradurga district of Karnataka. The announcement was made by K. Sivan, ISRO Chairman and Secretary, Department of Space.

Mizoram govt to organise Zo fest in 10 states, US, Bangladesh

  • The Mizoram government will be organising Zo Kutpui (festival) in at least 10 states across India and countries such as US, Myanmar and Bangladesh, officials said on Monday.
  • The first edition of the festival will start on January 9 in Vanghmun in Tripura and will be held over three days, an official of the state tourism department said.
  • The festival will then move to other states which have significant Mizo population, he added.

Source: Business Standard

CISF to observe 2020 as ‘year of mobility’ for troops’ welfare, housing

  • The CISF will observe 2020 as the ‘year of mobility’ that will have a special focus on creation of more residential units and implementation of various welfare measures for the troops, the force chief said on Monday.
  • CISF Director General (DG) Rajesh Ranjan said this while addressing jawans and officers of the over 1.62-lakh personnel force over a country-wide webcast facility on the occasion of new year.
  • The force, a CISF spokesperson said quoting the DG, will observe 2020 as the year of mobility and steps will be taken in a four pronged manner.

Source: Business Standard