Daily GK Update: 5th June 2020

Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw named EY World Entrepreneur Of The Year 2020, Biocon boss says she won it for her colleagues

  • Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, Executive Chairperson of Biocon, has been named EY World Entrepreneur Of The Year 2020 for her contribution in improving universal access to affordable life-saving medicine and transforming the world in one of its kind virtual entrepreneurship award ceremony.
  • The biotech boss was selected among 46 entrepreneurs from 41 countries and territories. She became the third Indian to win the Award after Uday Kotak of Kotak Mahindra Bank in 2014 and Narayana Murthy of Infosys in 2005. She also becomes the second woman to hold the title, following Olivia Lum of Singapore’s Hyflux Limited in 2011.
Source: The Economic Times

National awareness campaign on Prevention of Human, Animal Mortality on Highways launched

Nitin Gadkari launches national awareness campaign on Prevention ...

  • Union Road, Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari launched national awareness campaign on Prevention of Human and Animal Mortality on Highways. Launching the campaign through Video Conference, Mr Gadkari underlined the need for generating awareness and education for the masses at large towards reducing or eliminating mortality on the roads. He said, ecology and sustainability are most important for human life.
  • The Minister informed that the country witnesses nearly five lakh road accidents every year, in which about 1.5 lakh lives are lost. Mr Gadkari said, he is endeavoring to bring down these figures by 20 to 25 per cent by March next year. Over 5000 black spots have been identified, and the process for their rectification including temporary and permanent measures is being carried out on urgent basis.
Source: All India Radio

India spells out priorities for UNSC seat campaign

Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India
  • India on Friday laid out the priorities of its campaign to secure an elected seat on the UN Security Council with External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar asserting that the country can play a “positive global role” at a time when the COVID-19 pandemic and its grave economic repercussions will test the world like never before.
  • Mr. Jaishankar launched a brochure at an event here outlining India’s priorities for its forthcoming campaign to secure an elected seat on the UN Security Council at the elections slated for June 17, 2020.
  • As a single endorsed candidate of the Asia-Pacific Group, India’s candidature is very likely to succeed, the Ministry of External Affairs said in a statement.
Source: The Hindu

India to host AFC Women’s Asian Cup in 2022

India to host AFC Women's Asian Cup 2022 finals - THE AWAY END

  • The Asian Football Confederation (AFC) has granted All India Football Federation (AIFF) the rights to host the AFC Women`s Asian Cup 2022 final.
  • The decision was taken at the AFC Women`s Football Committee.
    In a letter to AIFF General Secretary Kushal Das, Dato Windsor John, General Secretary, AFC, wrote: “The Committee awarded the hosting rights of the AFC Women`s Asian Cup 2022 Finals to the All India Football Federation.”
  • AIFF president Praful Patel in his message said: “I need to thank the Asian Football Confederation for finding us suitable to host the AFC Women`s Asian Cup in 2022. The tournament will galvanise the aspiring women players and bring in a holistic social revolution as far as women`s football in the country is concerned.”
  • The tournament comes as the latest feather to AIFF`s cap under Patel`s tenure as AIFF president.
Source: Zee News

RBI creates Payments Infrastructure Development Fund to boost digitisation

RBI creates Payments Infrastructure Development Fund to boost ...
  • In an effort to give a push to digital payments across the country, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Friday said they are setting up a Payment Infrastructure Development Fund (PIDF) of Rs 500 crore. The RBI has made an initial contribution of Rs 250 crore covering half the fund.
  • The remaining will come from the card issuing banks and card networks operating in the country.
  • This fund has been created to encourage acquirers to deploy point of sale (PoS) infrastructure, both physical and digital, in tier-3 to tier-6 centres and north eastern states. This is in line with the measures proposed by the vision document on payment and settlement systems in India 2019-2021.
Source: Business Standard

200 Urban Forests to be built in next 5 years under ‘Nagar van’ scheme

Government of India launches "Nagar Van" programme
  • The government on Friday announced the implementation of the Nagar van scheme to develop 200 Urban Forests across the country in the next five years.
  • “The scheme is aimed to develop 200 Urban Forests across the country in next five years with a renewed focus on people’s participation and collaboration between Forest Department, Municipal bodies, NGOs, Corporates and local citizens,” Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change said.
  • The Ministry celebrates World Environment Day focusing on the theme declared by United Nation’s Environment Programme (UNEP) and organizes several events.  This year’s theme is ‘Biodiversity’. In view of the prevalent situation due to COVID-19 pandemic the ministry held virtual celebrations of World Environment Day on this year’s theme with focus on Nagar Van (Urban Forests).
Source: The Statesman

India pledges $15 million to international vaccine alliance

India Pledges USD 15 Million for Global Vaccine Alliance GAVI

  • India on Thursday pledged $15 million to Gavi, the international vaccine alliance, with Prime Minister Narendra Modi making the announcement during the virtual Global Vaccine Summit hosted by UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson.
    More than 50 countries, including business leaders, UN agencies, civil society, ministers and Heads of State and participated in the summit.
  • The Prime Minister said India stands in solidarity with the world in these challenging times and India’s civilisation teaches to see the world as one family. He said the country had tried to live up to this teaching during this pandemic by sharing available stocks of medicines with over 120 countries, forging a common response strategy in its immediate neighbourhood and providing specific support to countries that sought the same, while also protecting India’s vast population.
Source: The Indian Express

The toll of Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing

The International Day for the Fight against Illegal, Unreported ...

  • Fisheries provide a vital source of food, employment, recreation, trade and economic well-being for people throughout the world. In a world of growing population and persistent hunger, fish has emerged as an important commodity for the achievement of food security. However, efforts by the international community to ensure the sustainability of fisheries are being seriously compromised by illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing activities.
  • According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing activities are responsible for the loss of 11–26 million tonnes of fish each year, which is estimated to have an economic value of US$10–23 billion. To curtail this impact, Target 4 of Goal 14 of the Sustainable Development Agenda adopted in 2015 by the UN General Assembly, specifically urges the international community to “effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices” by 2020.
Source: United Nations

Arctic Circle oil spill prompts Putin to declare state of emergency

Oil spill caused by melting permafrost tied to Russian arctic ...
  • The spill happened when a fuel tank at a power plant near the Siberian city of Norilsk collapsed last Friday.
  • The power plant’s director Vyacheslav Starostin has been taken into custody until 31 July, but not yet charged.
  • The plant is owned by a subsidiary of Norilsk Nickel, which is the world’s leading nickel and palladium producer.
  • The Russian Investigative Committee (SK) has launched a criminal case over the pollution and alleged negligence, as there was reportedly a two-day delay in informing the Moscow authorities about the spill.
  • Ground subsidence beneath the fuel storage tanks is believed to have caused the spill. Arctic permafrost has been melting in exceptionally warm weather for this time of year.
  • President Putin expressed anger after discovering officials only learnt about the incident on Sunday.
Source: BBC News

The debate over homoeopathic drug Arsenicum album 30

Homeopathy drug untested for efficacy against COVID-19 widely ...
  • A homoeopathic drug, Arsenicum album 30, has become a subject of debate after several states recommended it for prophylactic (preventive) use against Covid-19. This was after the Ministry of AYUSH listed the drug among “preventive and prophylactic simple remedies” against Covid-19.
  • The debate stems from the fact that there is no scientific evidence that the drug works against Covid-19, a fact stressed not only by medical scientists but also by some homoeopathic practitioners themselves.
Source: The Indian Express

Astronomers unveil the magnetic field of the solar corona

Astronomers unveil the magnetic field of the solar corona
  • While the world has been dealing with the coronavirus pandemic, researchers at the University of Hawaiʻi Institute for Astronomy (IfA) have been hard at work studying the solar corona, the outermost atmosphere of the sun which expands into interplanetary space. This stream of charged particles radiating from the surface of the sun is called the solar wind and expands to fill the entire solar system.
  • The properties of the solar corona are a consequence of the sun’s complex magnetic field, which is produced in the solar interior and extends outward. A new study by IfA graduate student Benjamin Boe, published Wednesday, June 3rd in the Astrophysical Journal, used total solar eclipse observations to measure the shape of the coronal magnetic field with higher spatial resolution and over a larger area than ever before.
Source: Phys.org

DRDO develops device to keep PPE wearers comfortable, without sweating

DRDO develops device to keep PPE wearers comfortable, without ...
  • The Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed a device — SUMERU-PACS — that helps wearers of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) to feel comfortable without sweating.
  • The DRDO officials found out, on the basis of the feedback received from doctors and medical staff, that the PPE wearers feel uncomfortable after wearing PPE for more than 30 to 45 minutes and start sweating which makes the situation worse.
  • After receiving the feedback, DRDO developed a personal air circulation system which can be used inside the PPE as a small backpack of approximately 500 grams weight which works well at an ambient temperature of 39 degrees Celsius and keeps wearer comfortable and cool without sweating.
Source: Business Standard