Daily GK Update: 27th January 2020

ASAT from Mission Shakti, ADTCR to be on display during Republic Day parade

  • The Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile from Mission Shakti and Air Defence Tactical Control Radar (ADTCR) will be on display during the 71st Republic Day celebrations at Rajpath on Sunday, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has announced.
  • In a major defence achievement, India had on March 27, last year, successfully tested an anti-satellite missile by shooting down its own decommissioned satellite that was on a ‘Low Earth Orbit’ at a height of 300-km from the Earth’s surface.
  • The satellite was destroyed in a “hit to kill” mode with a 10-centimetre accuracy, with the satellite and the missile approaching each other at a high speed of nearly 11 km per second.

Source: India Today

Railways to run 100% on electricity by 2024, become net-zero emission by 2030: Piyush Goyal

  • Commerce and industry, and railways minister Piyush Goyal on Monday said the entire network of the Indian railways will be run completely on electricity by 2024 and become a net-zero emission network by 2030.
  • “By the year 2024, we expect the entire Indian Railways, which is about 125,000 km of track length and nearly 68,000 km of route length, to be 100% run on electricity,” Goyal said at the India-Brazil Business Forum here.
  • “By 2030, we plan to make the entire railways network a net-zero emission network. We will have no emission from the railways, it will run on clean energy and clean power,” he said.

Source: The Economic Times

International Holocaust Remembrance Day

  • Every year around 27 January, UNESCO pays tribute to the memory of the victims of the Holocaust and reaffirms its unwavering commitment to counter antisemitism, racism, and other forms of intolerance that may lead to group-targeted violence.
  • The date marks the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau by Soviet troops on 27 January 1945. It was officially proclaimed, in november 2005, International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust by the United Nations General Assembly.
  • The Holocaust profoundly affected countries in which Nazi crimes were perpetrated, but also had universal implications and consequences in many other parts of the world.

Source: UNESCO ORG.

In bid to resolve Bodoland conflict, Centre signs peace accord with NDFB, ABSU

  • The government on Monday signed an accord with one of the dreaded insurgent groups of Assam, the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB), providing political and economic bonanza.
  • The All Bodo Students’ Union (ABSU), which has been spearheading a movement for a Bodoland state was also signatory to the accord.
  • The tripartite agreement was signed by Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal, the top leadership of the four factions of the NDFB, ABSU, Joint Secretary in the Home Ministry Satyendra Garg and Assam Chief Secretary Kumar Sanjay Krishna in presence of Union Home Minister Amit Shah. “It is a historical accord,” Union Home Secretary Ajay Bhalla said and asserted that the pact will bring a comprehensive solution to the Bodo issue.

Source: Firstpost

AP cabinet nod to abolish legislative council

  • The Andhra Pradesh cabinet on Monday approved the draft bill to abolish the statte’s Legislative Council.
  • The cabinet meeting Monday felt that the opposition Telugu Desam Party (TDP) was misusing its majority in the Legislative Council to halt bills passed by the Legislative Assembly.
  • The Bill will be debated in the ongoing session of Assembly where the ruling YSR Congress Party has 151 members against the total strength of 175.
  • The passage of the Bill in the Assembly is a mere formality.
  • The decision of the Legislative Council to refer the three capitals Bills to a select committee angered the chief minister Y S Jagan Mohan Reddy who felt that there was no need to have an Upper House of the legislature whose agenda is to block government initiatives on development and welfare.

Source: Deccan Chronicle

Global Potato Conclave 2020

  • Potato is the third most important food crop in the world after rice and wheat in term of human consumption.
  • Its importance in food and nutritional security of the world had led to official declaration of year 2008 as the International Year of the Potato by the United Nations, which was celebrated internationally with much fanfare and in India also a Global Potato Conference was organized in December 2008 at New Delhi to mark the event.
  • More than a decade elapsed after that and it is high time now to deliberate on the decadal progress in the potato sector with a view to prepare a roadmap for next ten years aligning with the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nation.

Source: Potato Pro

N.B.A. Star Kobe Bryant Dies in California Helicopter Crash

  • The retired N.B.A. star, 41, and his daughter Gianna were among nine people in a helicopter that crashed near Calabasas, Calif. A college baseball coach and his wife and daughter were also killed.
  • Bryant was among the passengers traveling onboard the helicopter. Nine people died in the crash, including the pilot, said Alex Villanueva, the Los Angeles County sheriff, during a news conference.

Source: The New York Times

Maharashtra launches Rs 10 lunch plate scheme on pilot basis

  • Shiv Sena-led Maharashtra government on Sunday, launched its much-awaited ‘ Shiv Bhojan’ scheme, which is aimed at providing a meal to the poor for just Rs 10, on the occasion of the 71st Republic Day.
  • Under the scheme, which was launched on a pilot basis, thalis or lunch plates would be available to the people at designated centres/ canteens during a stipulated time in all the districts.
  • Launching of the scheme was one of the poll promises made by the poll promises made by the Shiv Sena, which shares power with the NCP and Congress in a coalition government.
  • In Mumbai, the district guardian minister Aslam Shaikh inaugurated the “Shiv Bhojan Thali” canteen at the civic-run Nair hospital.

Source: The Economic Times

Govt announces names of 118 Padma Shri awardees on Republic Day eve

  • Ahead of the 71st Republic Day, names of 118 awardees who will be conferred with the Padma Shri Awards on Sunday have been announced.
  • Here are the names of a few people from the field of social work who will be honoured at Padma Awards 2020: Jagdish Lal Ahuja, Javed Ahmad Tak, Satyanayana Mundayoor, S Ramakrishna and Yogi Aeron.
  • Jagdish Lal Ahuja, also known as ‘Langar Baba’, is being awarded for “selflessly organising langars for 500 plus poor patients daily for over two decades”. He also provides patients with other support from financial assistance to blankets and clothes. He is a self-made billionaire who came to India empty-handed during the partition. He sold off properties worth crores to fuel his mission and continues to serve undeterred even by stomach cancer.
  • Javed Ahmad Tak, from Anantnag in Kashmir, has been working with specially-abled children for two decades, to integrate them into mainstream life. He is wheelchair-ridden since 1997 due to a spinal injury from a bullet hit in a militant attack.

Source: India Today

Republic Day 2020: India, Brazil ink 15 agreements to boost cooperation

  • India and Brazil on Saturday inked 15 agreements to boost cooperation in a wide range of areas like trade and investment, oil and gas, cyber security and information technology after talks between Brazilian President Jair Messias Bolsonaro and Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Modi said an action plan has been finalised to further expand strategic ties between the two strategic partners.
  • “Your visit to India has opened a new chapter in bilateral ties between India and Brazil,” PM Modi said in his media statement in presence of Bolsonaro. Calling Brazil a valuable partner in India’s economic growth, the Prime Minister also said both the countries are together on various global issues despite geographical distance.

Source: Business Today