Daily GK Update: 13th June 2020

INTERNATIONAL ALBINISM AWARENESS DAY – June 13

  • Every year on June 13th, International Albinism Awareness Day celebrates the rights of human beings born with albinism and aims to increase awareness and understanding of this genetic condition.
  • Albinism is characterized by a lack of melanin pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes. According to the National Institutes of Health, albinism is a rare disease. Throughout the world, one in 20,000 people have albinism. The disorder is most prevalent in parts of Africa. About one in four people in South Africa have albinism. In Tanzania, it’s believed that as many as one in 1,400 could have the genetic condition.

Source: National Day Calendar

Railways creates new world record by successfully running first Double-Stack Container Train

  • This tremendous achievement is a first of its kind in the entire world and will also boost the ambitious mission of Green India.
  • Railway Ministry said, with this remarkable development, Railways has become the first to run Double-Stack Container train with high reach pantograph in high rise Over Head Equipment territory.
  • The Operations successfully commenced on 10th June from Palanpur and Botad stations in Gujarat.
  • The Ministry said, Railways has transported more than 178 million tonnes of commodities from 1st April to 10th of June this year.
  • It said, more than 32 lakh wagons carried supplies to keep the supply chain functional during the lockdown period.
  • Of these, more than 18 lakh wagons carried essential commodities like food grains, salt, sugar, milk, edible oil, onions, fruits and vegetables, petroleum products, coal and fertilizers throughout the country.

Source: DD News

Biswajit Dasgupta takes charge as ENC Chief of Staff

  • Vice Admiral Biswajit Dasgupta took charge as the Chief of Staff of Eastern Naval Command (ENC) on Friday. Vice Admiral S.N Ghormade, the outgoing Chief of Staff, has been transferred as the Controller Personnel Services at the Integrated Headquarters, Ministry of Defence (Navy), New Delhi.
  • An alumnus of the National Defence Academy (NDA), Vice Admiral Dasgupta was commissioned into the Indian Navy in 1985 and is a specialist in navigation and direction. He has commanded frontline ships including the missile corvettes INS Nishank, INS Karmuk, stealth frigate INS Tabar and the aircraft carrier INS Viraat.

Source: The Hindu

Covid-19: IIT Kharagpur researchers develop AI-based system to track social distancing

  • A group of researchers at IIT- Kharagpur has developed a cyber-physical system based on artificial intelligence for monitoring social distancing in public places, an official said on Saturday.
  • The team, under the leadership of professor Debashish Chakravarty and professor Aditya Bandopadhyay, has engineered a low-cost device which can detect the gap between individuals, a spokesperson of IIT-KGP said.
  • “The device will play a proximity alert sound through audio output, whenever any violation of the social distancing norms occurs. It captures images of the field view and computes the distance as per criteria set by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare,” a member of the research group said.
  • The researchers had focused on the ease of deployment of such a device in remote places and curtailing the cost by using inexpensive and easily accessible hardware materials, he said.

Source: Hindustan Times

Explained: What is Challenger Deep, the deepest spot in the ocean?

  • On June 7, astronaut and oceanographer Kathy Sullivan, who was the first American woman to walk in space in 1984, became the first woman and the fifth person in history to descend to the deepest known spot in the world’s oceans, called the Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench, which is seven miles below the surface of the Pacific Ocean.
  • Sullivan is now the only human who has walked in space and reached the deepest point in the ocean. She made her descent in the two-person submersible (vehicles that can be operated underwater) ‘Limiting Factor’ as part of Caladan Oceanic’s Ring of Fire Expedition.

Source: The Indian Express

DRDO develops ‘GermiKlean’ to sanitise uniforms of security forces

  • Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed a sanitizing chamber named ‘GermiKlean’ to sanitise uniforms of security forces.
  • The sanitizing chamber has been set up at Parliament Street Police Station.
  • DRDO’s move came after Delhi Police gave their requirement for sanitizing their uniforms, canes, cane shields, helmets, etc.
  • “We can keep our uniforms and other items to be sanitised inside the chamber and it has proved to be really beneficial for us. I am really thankful to DRDO for taking this initiative on our request. DRDO has also designed a sanitisation tunnel for us and they have also designed a mat for us for foot sanitization,” said Eish Singhal, DCP, Parliament Street Police Station.

Source: Hindustan Times

Ghar Ghar Nigrani app launched in Punjab for COVID-19 house-to-house surveillance

  • The Punjab government on Friday launched a mobile application aimed at undertaking house to house surveillance to contain the spread of COVID-19. The app, ‘Ghar ghar nigrani’, was launched by Chief Minister Amarinder Singh through video conference, an official release said.
  • The chief minister described the health department’s initiative, encompassing ASHA (accredited social health activist) workers and community volunteers, as a tool for early detection and testing of coronavirus.
  • Additional Chief Secretary, Health, Anurag Agarwal said the entire rural and urban population of Punjab above 30 years of age shall be surveyed as part of the drive, which will also cover persons below the age of 30 having co-morbidity or influenza-like illness.

Source: Zee News

RBI sets up panel to review ownership, corporate structure of Private sector banks

  • The Reserve Bank of India has constituted a five-member Internal Working Group to review the guidelines related to ownership, governance and corporate structure of private sector banks. In a press release, RBI informed that RBI Central Board Director P K Mohanty will head the committee, which will submit its report by 30th September, 2020.
  • The panel will also examine norms for promoter shareholding at the initial/licensing stage and subsequently, along with the timelines for dilution of the shareholding. RBI said, it is necessary to align regulations to meet the requirements of a dynamic banking landscape as macro-economic, financial market and technological developments continue to influence the future of banking.
  • The panel has also been asked to examine and review the eligibility criteria for individuals or entities to apply for banking licence and make recommendations on all related issues.

Source: All India Radio

Odisha Becomes First State to Get ISO Certification for Tribal Hostels

  • Odisha has become the first state in the country to receive ISO certification for hostels meant for tribal students, an official said.
  • The ST&SC Welfare Department had earlier launched the ‘Mission Suvidya’ project to provide all the tribal hostels of the state uniform standards of infrastructure, amenities and human resources, he said.
  • In the first phase, hostels of Keonjhar and Sambalpur districts were taken up for assessment. Out of 156 hostels of Keonjhar, 60 were selected for intensive interventions, it said.
  • Similarly, out of 90 hostels of Sambalpur, 12 were selected for the purpose.
  • In March, the audit team for certification visited 32 hostels of Keonjhar and 12 of Sambalpur for final assessment.
  • All the 44 hostels cleared the assessment parameters and were awarded ISO certification, the release said.
  • The remaining hostels will be assessed after the lockdown is lifted and restoration of normalcy.

Source: News 18