Daily GK Update: 13th April 2020

A Remote health monitoring system to assess health of COVID-19 suspects/patients

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)-Rishikesh, in collaboration with Navratna defence PSU Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), has developed a state-of-the-art health monitoring system to remotely assess the health of COVID-19 suspects/patients quarantined in homes and hospitals.
  • “The solution aims to significantly reduce the risk of exposure to healthcare workers. It is also expected to reduce the increasing demand of PPE and other logistics,” a joint statement said.
  • Faced with the COVID-19 pandemic, the need to develop a solution to remotely monitor patients for limiting exposure of healthcare workers was prime and urgent, it said.
  • To address this need, AIIMS Rishikesh and BEL came together to provide a “comprehensive digital and clinically appropriate solution.”

Source: Business Standard

Covid-19 outbreak and lockdown impact income of 85% of NCR households: NCAER survey

lockdown impact on income: Covid-19 outbreak and lockdown impact ...

  • Incomes of almost 85% of households in the national capital region (NCR) have been impacted by the Covid-19 outbreak and the lockdown, according to a survey released by the National Council for Applied Economic Research (NCAER) on Sunday.
  • The data showed that casual labourers were disproportionately affected with nearly 75% stating their wages were severely affected. This figure was less than half, at 46.7% for salaried employees.
  • The telephonic survey conducted between April 3-6, included 1,750 participants covering both rural and urban areas of Delhi NCR.
  • Among its key findings, the survey found that only 36.4% were able to correctly identify the three main symptoms of Covid-19, that is fever, cough and breathing difficulties.
  • Additionally, 6.2% of the respondents reported the common cold as a symptom of Covid-19, indicating inability to differentiate between the two. NCAER said this implies the need for more symptomatic and cluster testing in the region.

Source: The Economic Times

Celebrating World Chagas Day for the first time to help give visibility to this neglected disease

World Chagas Disease Day is observed on 14 April

  • Starting this year, 14 April will serve to give visibility in the global health agenda to the challenges faced by people affected by Chagas disease, most of which live in low-income contexts and highly vulnerable health conditions.
  • 13 April. From a world under lockdown due to the coronavirus pandemic. For the first time in the 111 years since the first case of Chagas disease was diagnosed in humans, we are celebrating World Chagas Day, which was established by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 14 April to remind us of the challenges faced by those affected by this neglected disease.
  • Well aware that the COVID-19 pandemic requires maximal attention at this critical moment, the aim to celebrate this first ever World Chagas Day is to remember the people affected by this disease, which has historically been given low priority in health agendas.

Source: World Heart Federation

IUSSTF boosts Indo-US virtual networks to address COVID 19 challenges

IUSSTF invites proposals to boost Indo-US virtual networks to ...

  • The Indo-U.S. Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF), has invited Proposals for ‘COVID-19 Indo-U.S. Virtual Networks’ that would allow Indian and U.S. scientists and engineers currently engaged in COVID-related research to carry out joint research activities through a virtual mechanism, leveraging existing infrastructure and funding. Proposals that convincingly demonstrate the benefits and value of the Indo-U.S. partnership to advance research and address critical challenges related to COVID-19 are encouraged.
  • Global challenges like COVID 19 call for global collaborations and partnerships, bringing together the best and brightest scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs to work together to find solutions not only to address the current pandemic but also for the challenges that lie ahead. The IUSSFT is booting such collaborations for this specific purpose in keeping with their core mandate to catalyze collaborative initiatives across both countries.

Source: Ministry of Science & Technology

CollabCAD launched to provide engineering solution to 3D product design

Atal Tinkering Laboratory Inaugurated at Panitola Girls' High ...

Atal Innovation Mission, NITI Aayog and National Informatics Centre today jointly launched CollabCAD, a collaborative network, computer enabled software system providing a total engineering solution from 2D drafting and detailing to 3D product design. The aim of this initiative is to provide a great platform to students of Atal Tinkering Labs across country to create and modify 3d designs with free flow of creativity and imagination. This software will also enable students to create data across the network and concurrently access the same design data for storage and visualization. Atal Tinkering Labs established across the country, provide tinkering spaces to children to hone their innovative ideas and creativity.

Source: All India Radio

KCR asks RBI to go for ‘helicopter money’, increasing FRBM limits

What is Helicopter Money being suggested by World Experts ...

  • As the lockdown adversely impacting the State’s economy, the Telangana Government has asked the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to go for ‘helicopter money’ and ‘quantitative easing’ to improve money circulation in the system and boost economy.
  • Helicopter money is an unconventional method to empower the public with money to buy things and, thus, boost the economy.
  • Telangana also wants the Centre to defer the interest payments that States are supposed to remit to the Union government on their borrowings for at least six months.

Source: Business Line

Jallianwala Bagh: PM, Tweeple Pay Tribute On 101st Anniversary

April 13, 2020 marked the 101st anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh ...

  • The year was 1919. The Indian freedom struggle was at its peak, while the colonial masters left no stone unturned to curb the rising spirit of nationalism. On 13 April that year, the festival of Baisakhi in Punjab took a violent turn after British Acting Brigadier General Reginald Dyer opened fire on an unarmed crowd.
  • British Acting Brigadier General Reginald Dyer was convinced that under the garb of the Baisakhi celebrations, Indians would unfurl a major protest against the colonial rule and its draconian Rowlatt Act. He had banned all public meetings, but the notice was not disseminated far and wide. Unknown to this proclamation, a large crowd had gathered in the enclosed garden – Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, Punjab.

Source: The Quint

Initiatives to prevent disruption of farming activity during lockdown

COVID-19 lockdown locks down farmers' income

  • The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare has launched several initiatives to promote farming during lock down.
  • The Agricultural and Processed Food products Export Development Authority (APEDA) focused specially on the transport of major exports in the country such as meat, diary, poultry and other organic products.
  • APEDA helped in resolving packaging units and curfew passes.

Source: The World News Monitor

More than Rs 5,000 Cr transferred to accounts of 7.15 Cr benficiaries of Pradhan Mantri Ujwala Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana: Rs 5,000 crores transferred for ...

  • As on date, oil marketing companies have initiated transfer of Rs 5,606 crore to 7.15 Crore Pradhan Mantri Ujwala Yojana beneficiary accounts for availing free delivery of LPG cylinder under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan package.
  • Booking of 1.26 Crore cylinders has been done in this month by the beneficiaries, out of which about 85 lakh cylinders have been delivered to PMUY beneficiaries.
  • There are 27.87 Crore active LPG consumers in the country, with the PMUY beneficiaries accounting for over 8 crore. Since the lockdown, 50 to 60 lakh cylinders are being delivered daily in the country. When there is nationwide lockdown and the people are staying home to stay safe, LPG delivery boys and all those in the supply chain of LPG are working tirelessly to ensure that clean fuel reaches people directly at their homes.

Source: All India Radio

OPEC, Russia approve biggest-ever oil cut to support prices amid coronavirus pandemic

OPEC, Russia approve biggest-ever oil cut to support prices amid ...

  • Even though the death toll from novel coronavirus surged by 5,399 from Saturday, taking the total to 114,101, glimmers of hope emerged from Italy and France as the two countries recorded their lowest fatalities on Sunday.
  • On Sunday, while France recorded 315 coronavirus deaths in hospital over the last day, compared with 345 the day earlier, Italy’s Covid-19 fatalities fell to 431, that’s the country’s lowest virus death toll in over three weeks.
  • For the ninth day running, intensive care admissions were down and hospitalizations overall were down, relieving pressure on Italy’s over-stressed health care system. However, Italy has also increased its testing capacity in recent days.

Source: India Today

MHA asks states/UTs to take welfare measures for migrant workers hit by Covid-19 lockdown

Coronavirus] Plight of migrant workers: Supreme Court asks Centre ...

  • The Centre has asked all states and Union Territories to take welfare measures, including food, shelter, medicine, mobile and video call facilities, for migrant labourers living in various relief camps across the country.
  • In a communication to the state governments and Union Territory (UT) administrations, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) highlighted the Supreme Court directions regarding welfare of migrant labourers housed at relief shelters and camps in different parts of the country.
  • The home ministry has written to all states/UTs to take necessary action in compliance of the directions of the top court, while implementing lockdown measures to fight COVID-19 effectively, an official statement said.
  • The Supreme Court has directed that adequate medical facilities besides proper arrangements for food, clean drinking water and sanitation be ensured for migrant workers at relief camps across the country.

Source: India Today

After masks and sanitisers, now women’s collectives manufacture PPEs

Women self help groups in Kota stitch face masks on mission mode ...

  • Quietly working behind the scenes, women across India are steering the fight against COVID 19 through Self Help Groups starting with masks and sanitisers and now also stepping in to manufacture Personal Protective Equipment for frontline workers.
  • While over 1.96 crore masks and more than 1 lakh litres of sanitiser has been made so far, around 5000 PPE kits have been prepared by SHGs from across 27 states and union territories.

Source: India Today

Union HRD Minister launches a web-portal YUKTI in New Delhi

Union HRD Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal “Nishank” launches a web ...

  • Union Minister for HRD Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal “Nishank” has launched a web-portal YUKTI (Young India Combating COVID with Knowledge, Technology and Innovation) today in New Delhi.
  • It is a unique portal with a dashboard to monitor and record the efforts and initiatives of MHRD.
  • The portal will cover various initiatives and efforts of the institutions in academics, research especially related to COVID-19, social initiatives by institutions and the measures taken for the betterment of the well-being of the students.
  • The portal will cover both qualitative and quantitative parameters for effective delivery of services to the academic community at large.
  • The portal will also allow various institutions to share their strategies for various challenges which are there because of the unprecedented situation of COVID-19 and other future initiatives.

Source: DD News