Daily GK Update: 10th December 2019

Dr Jitendra Singh inaugurates ‘Digital Exhibition on history of Constitution of India’

  • The Minister of State for Development of North Eastern Region (I/C), Prime Minister’s Office, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr. Jitendra Singh inaugurated the ‘Digital Exhibition on History of Constitution of India’, here today.
  • The exhibition has been organised by the Department of Personnel & Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, in collaboration with Parliament Museum and Archives of Lok Sabha Secretariat and Bureau of Outreach and Communication for two days i.e. 9-10 December, 2019 at Gate No.8, North Block, New Delhi.
  • The Secretary, DoPT, Dr C. Chandramouli and senior officers of DoPT were also present during the inauguration of the exhibition.

Source : Press Information Bureau

Govt launches Pilot Project for using Fastags for Parking at Hyderabad Airport

  • To ensure the benefits of FASTag beyond tolling, the Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) has launched a pilot project for using FASTags for parking purposes at Hyderabad Airport.
  • Conceptualised as FASTag 2.0, the tag would cover parking payments, fuel payments, etc.
  • The mandate would further increase the penetration of National Electronic Toll Collection (NETC) and the higher NETC penetration will further ensure a seamless movement of traffic which would in turn bring down the overall Logistic cost in country.

Source : The World News Monitor

Indian, French navies to carry out joint patrolling in Indian Ocean Region

  • India and France are set to sign a pact to enable secure communications at operational level as the two sides are looking to conduct joint operations in the Indian Ocean Region, a top French Navy officer said.
  • Vice Admiral Didier Malterre, who commands the French joint forces deployed in the Indian Ocean, has also red flagged growing Chinese presence in the region, questioning the need for using nuclear powered submarines on so called anti-piracy missions and described the Hambantota in Sri Lanka as ‘dual use” port.

Source : The Economic Times

Must See Monuments: ASI identified 138 monuments you just can not miss!

  • The ASI has identified 138 monuments as “Must See Monuments”, Minister of State for Culture and Tourism Prahlad Patel informed Parliament on Monday. Responding to a query in the Lok Sabha, Patel said that the information has been made available on the “Must See” portal of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
    He also said that there are 38 World Heritage Sites in India, out of which 22 cultural sites including monuments/ buildings and caves are under the protection of the ASI.
  • The “Must See” list features outstanding Indian monuments and archaeological sites, under the protection of the ASI, including those that feature on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.

Source : Financial Express

Citizenship (Amendment) Bill: What does it do and why is it seen as a problem

  • The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019, that seeks to give Indian nationality to non-Muslim refugees from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan passed the lower House test yesterday.
  • The Bill seeks to amend the definition of illegal immigrant for Hindu, Sikh, Parsi, Buddhist and Christian immigrants from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who have lived in India without documentation. They will be granted fast-track Indian citizenship in six years. So far, 12 years of residence has been the standard eligibility requirement for naturalisation.

Source : The Economic Times

India Skills Report finds 46.21% of students employable

  • About 46.21 per cent students were found employable or ready to take up jobs in 2019, compared with 33 per cent in 2014, and 47.38 per cent in 2018, according to the India Skills Report 2019-20.
  • Meanwhile, female employability witnessed an upward trend at 47 per cent this year from 38 per cent in 2017 and 46 per cent in 2018.
  • The report pointed out that “the most employable candidates as per the courses were MBA Students at 54 per cent as against 40 per cent in the last two years. B Pharm, Polytechnic, B Com and BA courses, on the other hand, saw an improvement in employability which is increased by more than 15 per cent.” However a decline in employability was seen in BTech, Engineering. MCA graduates, Technical & Computer-related courses.

Source : The Hindu

J&K’s Rajouri gets important Draj Bridge for all-weather connectivity

  • Jammu and Kashmir Lt Governor Shri Girish Chandra Murmu dedicated 72-metre-long Bridge to the Nation in Rajouri on Monday. The bridge over Draj nallah connects Draj Area with Tehsil Kotranka area under District Rajouri and is constructed to bear heavy load up to 70 tons.
  • Addressing the gathering, Murmu said “The Draj bridge is an important bridge for the military as well as for socio-economic development of the Rajouri District as a whole. This bridge will facilitate all-weather and speedy movement of Army troops as well as locals.”
  • The important bridge has been constructed by the 110 Road Construction Company of the 31 Task Force under Project Sampark of Border Roads Organisation (BRO). BRO is involved with more projects in the area to strengthen the road network.

Source : The New Indian Express

10 December: International Human Rights Day

  • Human Rights Day is observed every year on 10 December – the day on which the United Nations General Assembly adopted, in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
  • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights empowers us all. The principles enshrined in the Declaration are as relevant today as they were in 1948. We need to stand up for our own rights and those of others. We can take action in our own daily lives, to uphold the rights that protect us all and thereby promote the kinship of all human beings.
  • In December 1948, UNESCO was the first United Nations agency to place the Universal Declaration at the heart of all its action, to promote it across the world through education and the media.

Source : UNESCO

Paris Summit: Russia-Ukraine agree to cease fire

At a Paris Summit mediated by Germany and France, Russia and Ukraine agreed to restore peace by implementing cease fire. Both the countries also agreed on prisoner exchanges.

Defence & Foreign Secretaries of India & Australia hold third 2+2 dialogue

  • The third India-Australia Secretary-level 2+2 Dialogue was held in New Delhi today.
  • The Indian delegation was led by Defence Secretary Dr Ajay Kumar and Foreign Secretary Shri Vijay Gokhale, while the Australian side was led by Defence Secretary Mr Greg Moriarty and Foreign Secretary Ms Frances Adamson.
    During the dialogue, issues related to bilateral defence engagements, areas to enhance cooperation in the field of defence industry and defence technology as well as the prevailing regional security concerns were discussed.
  • Defence Secretary conveyed his satisfaction on the ongoing defence engagements between the two Armed Forces and conveyed the commitment of the Ministry of Defence to further enhance the defence cooperation engagements, both in scope and complexity.
  • Before the 2+2 dialogue, both the Defence Secretaries held a bilateral meeting.

Source : Press Information Bureau

Russia’s SIRIUS and NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission ends

  • The second phase of NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) and Russia’s SIRIUS Deep Technology Learning and Innovation Programme 2019 in Sochi comes to an end as 25 Indian students returned today with best practices of contemporary innovation and entrepreneurship.
  • SIRIUS hosted an eight-day project oriented educational program from 28 November to 8 December 2019. It was held in accordance with Memorandum of Understanding signed between AIM and SIRIUS last year.
  • All 50 Russian and Indian students shared best contemporary innovation practices with each other under various categories: IT & Data Analysis, Clean Energy, Biotech, Remote Earth Sensing and Drones & Robotics.  Under ‘IT & Data Analysis’, students created a classification of farmland using satellite data and neural network for effective management of crop land.

Source : Press Information Bureau

MOU signed Between NSIC & ARAMCO Asia for development in Oil & Gas Sectors

An MoU has been signed recently between NSIC and Aramco Asia for the development of MSME Ecosystem in India in Oil & Gas Sector. This MoU will pave a way for accredited Indian MSMEs to carve out a space as vendors in the Global space.   From NSIC side Sh. P. Udayakumar, Director (P&M) and from Aramco side Mr. Mohammed Al Mughirah, President ,Aramco Asia inked the MoU. The dignitaries H.E. Dr. Said Bin Mohammed Al Sati, Ambassador of Saudi Arabia, Mr. Abdullah Melfi, Strategic Sourcing Head, Aramco, and more than 200 units from India witnessed the event. NSIC is the flagship Mini Ratna PSU under Ministry of MSME in the business of facilitating MSMEs in India and  Aramco  is world’s largest Oil & Gas Company from Govt. of Saudi Arabia having reported revenue of USD 355 Billion Dollar (2018) and estimated market va.ue of 1.5 Trillion Dollars.

Source : Press Information Bureau

India moves from 130 to 129 in human development index: UNDP report

  • India climbed one spot to 129 among 189 countries in the 2019 human development index, according to a report by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
  • In India, 27.1 crore people were lifted out of poverty from 2005-06 to 2015-16, UNDP India resident representative Shoko Noda said.
  • India ranked 130 last year. The steady progress was due to nearly three decades of rapid development, which had seen a dramatic reduction in absolute poverty, along with gains in life expectancy, education, and access to health care, she said.
  • As per the HDI, no other region had experienced such rapid human development progress.

Source : The Economic Times

World trade without rules? US shuts down WTO appeals court

  • The World Trade Organization was shut down on Tuesday at midnight, as the terms of two of the last three judges of the appellate body ended. Their departure effectively deprives the de facto Supreme Court of world trade of its ability to issue rulings, leaving the court to face what critics are calling the “law of the jungle.”
  • The WTO shutdown leaves countries unable to reach a final resolution of disputes, as well as seven cases still in limbo that have been brought against Trump’s decision to declare foreign steel and aluminum a threat to national security and impose taxes on them.

Parliament passes ship recycling bill

  • Parliament on Monday gave its nod to a bill that seeks to regulate the recycling of ships in accordance with international standards.
  • The Recycling of Ships Bill, 2019 was passed in Rajya Sabha by a voice vote on Monday. Lok Sabha had cleared the bill last week.
  • Replying to a debate in the Upper House, Shipping Minister Mansukh L Mandaviya told the members that the bill would protect the interest of labourers and would ensure environmentally sound recycling.
  • The minister also assured them that India will not become a dumping ground for hazardous waste.
  • Ship recycling industry will grow with the passage of the bill and the number of ships to be recycled would double from 300 units being recycled currently, he said adding it would help generate more employment.

Source : India Today