Current Affairs Quiz: 14th November 2020

“Happy Childrens Day 14th November 2020.”

  • Children’s Day, which is popularly known as ‘Baal Diwas’ in India, is celebrated on the birth anniversary of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of the country.
  • Children’s Day is observed in India on November 14 on the occasion of Jawaharlal Nehru. Jawaharlal Nehru, who was India’s first Prime Minister, was quite famous among children and was popularly known as ‘Chacha Nehru’. Following his death in 1964, it was decided that to move the celebrations of Children’s Day to November 14 as a mark of respect to him and to commemorate his fondness for children.
  • A resolution was passed in the Parliament and since then, Children’s Day is celebrated in India on November 14 every year. Notably, Children’s Day was celebrated in India first on November 20, 1956 along with the Universal Children’s Day.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru was commonly known as ‘Chacha Nehru’ or ‘Chacha ji’. There are several stories on why he was called ‘Chacha’. One story suggests that Nehru was called ‘Chacha’ because his friendly attitude towards kids. However, another story suggests that Nehru was called Chacha because his closeness with Mahatma Gandhi. It is believed that Nehru was like a younger brother for Mahatma Gandhi and thus is known as ‘Chacha’.

Source: English Jagran

“World Diabetes Day 2020”.

  • World Diabetes Day is observed on November 14 each year.
  • The campaign aims to create a platform to promote IDF advocacy efforts throughout the year, and a global driver to promote the importance of taking coordinated, and concerted actions to confront diabetes as a critical global health issue.
  • The theme for World Diabetes Day 2020 is The Nurse and Diabetes. The campaign aims to raise awareness around the crucial role that nurses play in supporting people living with diabetes.
  • World Diabetes Day (WDD) was created in 1991 by IDF and the World Health Organization in response to growing concerns about the escalating health threat posed by diabetes. World Diabetes Day became an official United Nations Day in 2006 with the passage of the United Nations Resolution.
  • It is marked every year on 14 November, the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting, who co-discovered insulin along with Charles Best in 1922. WDD is the world’s largest diabetes awareness campaign reaching a global audience of over 1 billion people in more than 160 countries.

Source: India Today 

“Ministry of Textiles launches “Local4Diwali” campaign.”

  • The Union Ministry of Textiles has launched a campaign for Diwali- “Local4Diwali”.
  • The campaign has been launched to promote the Indian handicraft which is the cultural heritage of the country and also a source of livelihood for many. As per the available data, the handicrafts sector is a major sector of women empowerment as almost 55% of the workers and artisans are women.
  • The main aim of the #Local4Diwali campaign is to urge people to buy and gift Indian handicraft products on this Diwali.
  • The basic aim of the campaign is to give a boost to Indian handicrafts and artisans.

Source: GK Today

“Bangladeshi teen wins International Children’s Peace Prize.”

  • Bangladeshi teen Sadat Rahman has been awarded the International Children’s Peace Prize for his work to stop cyber bullying of teens.
  • The award was given away by the Nobel Peace Prize laureate Malala Yousafzai during a ceremony in the Netherlands.
  • The prize is given away by the international children’s rights organization Kids Rights to a child who fights courageously for children’s rights.
  • Sadat Rahman was selected out of 142 applicants from 42 countries. He has created the anti-cyber bullying app ‘Cyber Teens’ to help teenagers who are sufferers of cyber bullying.  The app provides information to the young people about  internet safety. It also provides them a channel to safely report the cyberbullying confidentially.
  • The prize was launched by Kids Rights during the 2005 World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates in Rome, chaired by Mikhail Gorbachev. Since then, the prize has been presented every year by a Nobel Peace Laureate.

Source: DD News 

“Sports Ministry announces new incentive structure to fund 500 private academies.”

  • The Sports Ministry has introduced an incentivisation structure to extend monetary support to 500 private academies, through the Khelo India Scheme over the next four years starting 2020-21.
  • In this model, private academies shall be graded into different categories based on quality and achievement of players trained by the academy, level of coaches available at the academy, quality of field of play and allied infrastructure, availability of sports science facilities and staff.
  • The 14 priority disciplines identified for excellence in 2028 Olympics will be eligible for receiving support in the first phase.
  • Under the scheme, Sports Authority of India and National Sports Federations will be working together.

Source: Business Today                

“8th BRICS Science, Technology and Innovation Ministerial meeting unanimously adopts BRICS STI Declaration 2020.”

  • The 8th BRICS Science, Technology and Innovation Ministerial meeting unanimously has adopted BRICS STI Declaration 2020. The meeting was held through a virtual platform.
  • Science and Technology cooperation among the member countries Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa was discussed in the meeting.
  • During the meeting, Science and Technology Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan highlighted that the COVID 19 pandemic has been a test, demonstrating that multilateral cooperation is the key to overcoming such global challenges. He informed that India has initiated an integrated response to overcome this pandemic.
  • From the development of indigenous vaccines, novel point-of-care diagnostics and therapeutic formulations based on traditional knowledge, Indian Research and Development are working relentlessly to develop effective interventions for combating the pandemic. The Minister said, more than 100 startups have developed innovative products for COVID-19.

Source: News on Air       

“Karnataka’s Mysuru to Get India’s First Sandalwood Museum.”

  • India’s first Sandalwood Museum is being established in Aranya Bhavan in Ashokapuram, Mysuru, Karnataka.
  • The museum is set up by the Regional Forest Department to educate farmers about the significance of cultivation of sandalwood.
  • This will also provide technical support, information on the availability of saplings, marketing facilities, pest control measures, incentives and schemes provided for sandalwood growers by the government.

Source: Dailyhunt                 

“A New Book on Gulzar “Boskiyana” by Radhakrishna Prakashan.”

  • ‘Boskiyana’, a new Hindi book on Gulzar, veteran Indian poet-lyricist has been published by Radhakrishna Prakashan. The book portrays the life of Gulzar through his films, poetry, philosophies, lifestyle, likes and dislikes.
  • The 228- page book is edited and compiled by Yashwant Vyas. ‘Boskiyana’ is the name of the house of Gulzar in Mumbai.
  • The book expresses the personality of Gulzar through detailed conversations and reveals his thoughts and vision of the world.
  • It is a compilation of some of the most defining interviews and conversations of Gulzar from the last 30 years. Yashwant Vyas took 6 years to compile.

Source: Dailyhunt

“QRSAM Missile System Achieves Major Milestone.”

  • Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile (QRSAM) System has achieved a major milestone by a direct hit on to a Banshee Pilotless target aircraft at medium range & medium altitude.
  • The missile launch took place from ITR Chandipur on 13th Nov 2020 at 1550 hrs off the Odisha Coast. The missile is propelled by a single stage solid propellant rocket motor and uses all indigenous subsystems. The Missile is canisterised for transportation and launch using a mobile launcher capable of carrying 6 canisterised missiles.
  • All QRSAM weapon system elements like Battery Multifunction Radar, Battery Surveillance Radar, Battery Command Post Vehicle and Mobile Launcher were deployed in the flight test. The system is capable of detecting and tracking targets on the move and engaging target with short halts. The system is designed to give air defence coverage against strike columns of Indian Army.
  • The radar tracked the Banshee target from farthest range and missile was launched when target was within kill zone and achieved the direct hit with terminal active homing by RF Seeker guidance. Various DRDO labs DRDL, RCI, LRDE, R&DE(E), IRDE, ITR have participated in the test.
  • The weapon system elements have been realized through Defence PSUs BEL, BDL and private industry L&T. The missile system is fully indigenous with active RF Seekers, Electro Mechanical Actuation (EMA) systems sourced from various industries. The Radar is four walled Active Phased Array Radar. All range Tracking stations, Radar, EOTs & Telemetry Stations monitored the flight parameters.

Source: PIB 

“Japan Nobel laureate Masatoshi Koshiba who found neutrinos dies at 94.”

  • Japanese astrophysicist Masatoshi Koshiba, a co-winner of the 2002 Nobel Prize in physics for confirming the existence of elementary particles called neutrinos, has died. He was 94.
  • Koshiba devised the construction of giant underground chambers to detect neutrinos, elusive particles that stream from the sun.
  • Koshiba worked at the Kamiokande neutrino detector, a huge facility built in the mountains in central Japan. He confirmed and extended Davis’ work, and also discovered neutrinos coming from distant supernova explosions, some of the brightest objects in the universe.
  • Koshiba’s contribution led to subsequent discoveries. His student, Takaaki Kajita, won the Nobel Prize in physics in 2015 for research at the Super-Kamiokande facility that found neutrinos have mass.
  • Koshiba was active in science education for young people, and established a basic science foundation using his Nobel Prize award to provide learning experiences for high school and college students.

Source: Hindustan Times