Current Affairs Quiz: 12th January 2021

“National Youth Day 2021 being observed today”.

  • National Youth Day is celebrated on January 12, every year in India to honor the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, one of India’s greatest leaders and believers of youth power.
  • He was an ardent disciple of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa and a major force in the revival of Hinduism in India. Celebrated as one of the greatest social leaders of the country, Swami Vivekananda was born on January 12, 1863, in Kolkata.
  • He pushed for national integration in colonial India, and his famous speech remains as the one that he gave in Chicago in 1893.
  • In 1984 the Government of India declared this day as National Youth Day and since 1985, the event is celebrated in India every year.
  • Yuva Diwas(Youth Day) is also celebrated to encourage the youth in the country to become a better person and achieve an honorable life contributing to the development of the country.
  • The theme of this year’s festival is ‘YUVAAH – Utsah Naye Bharat Ka’ which suggests, the youth bring alive the celebration of New India.

Source: India Today

“Gadkari to launch Khadi’s eco-friendly, non-toxic wall paint today”.

  • Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways and MSME Nitin Gadkari will launch an innovative new paint developed by Khadi and Village Industries Commission at his residence.
  • The eco-friendly, non-toxic paint, called “Khadi Prakritik Paint” is a first-of-its-kind product, with anti-fungal, anti-bacterial properties. Based on cow dung as its main ingredient, the paint is cost-effective and odourless and has been certified by the Bureau of Indian Standards.
  • Khadi Prakritik Paint is available in two forms – distemper paint and plastic emulsion paint. The paint is free from heavy metals like lead, mercury, chromium, arsenic, cadmium and others.
  • It will be a boost to local manufacturing and will create sustainable local employment through technology transfer. This technology will increase the consumption of cow dung as a raw material for eco-friendly products and will generate additional revenue to farmers and gaushalas.
  • Khadi Prakritik Distemper and Emulsion Paints have been tested at 3 reputed National Laboratories. National Test House, Mumbai, Shri Ram Institute for Industrial Research, New Delhi and National Test House, Ghaziabad.
  • Khadi Prakritik Emulsion paint meets BIS 15489:2013 standards; whereas Khadi Prakritik Distemper paint meets BIS 428:2013 standards.

Source: Livemint

“Arunachal Pradesh likely to be India’s prime producer of Vanadium”.

  • Arunachal Pradesh can become India’s prime producer of Vanadium. It is a high-value metal that has been used in strengthening steel and titanium. The largest deposits of Vanadium are in China, followed by South Africa and Russia.
  • The eastern Himalayan State has been placed on the vanadium map and geologists are confident of finding a deposit soon.
  • Even though India is a significant consumer of Vanadium, it has not been a prime producer of the essential metal. As per the GSI officials, the metal has been recovered as a by-product from a slag that was collected from the processing of vanadiferous magnetite ores.
  • This was the first report of a primary deposit of Vanadium in the country with an average grade of 0.76% Vanadium pentoxide.
  • The mineralisation found in Arunachal Pradesh has been geologically similar to the stone coal Vanadium Deposits that are found in China. This high vanadium content has been associated with graphite with a fixed carbon content of up to 16%.

Source: Jagran Josh

“Japan aerospace agency to launch H3 rocket in 2021”.

  • Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency- JAXA announced on January 12, 2021, that it will launch its flagship rocket H3 to pave the way for the next generation of transportation technologies.
  • Japanese government informed that building on the 98.1% success of the H-IIA/B launch vehicle series, the country is ready to launch this year its new flagship rocket.
  • Japan’s H3 launch vehicle is its new flagship rocket that aims at achieving high reliability, flexibility, and higher-cost performance. Its maiden flight was set for Japanese Fiscal Year-JFY 2020.
  • It will be offering several line ups by selecting two or three first-stage engines (LE-9), two types of fairings as well as zero, four, or two solid rocket boosters (SRB-3) in order to deal with various playload sizes and orbits.
  • The launch capability of H3 to the geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) will be the highest ever. As per JAXA, it will be exceeding that of existing H-IIA and H-IIB launch vehicles.

Source: Jagran Josh

“Indian Navy to coordinate largest coastal defence exercise Sea Vigil-21”.

  • Indian Navy will coordinate second edition of largest coastal defence exercise Sea Vigil-21 starting today. The inaugural edition of the exercise was conducted in January 2019. The two-day biennial pan-India coastal defence exercise, will be undertaken along the entire 7,516-kilometre long coastline.
  • The exercise will also include Exclusive Economic Zone of the country and will involve all the 13 coastal States and Union Territories along with other maritime stakeholders. It will also include the fishing and coastal communities.
  • The entire coastal security set up was reorganised after the 26/11 Terror attack at Mumbai which was launched via the sea route.
  • The exercise is also being facilitated by the Ministries of Defence, Home Affairs, Shipping, Petroleum and Natural Gas, Fisheries, Customs, State Governments and other agencies of Centre and State.
  • The Exercise SEA VIGIL-21 will provide a realistic assessment of our strengths and weaknesses and thus will help in further strengthening maritime and national security.

Source: News on Air           

“Prakash Javadekar releases MEE of 146 National Park & Wildlife Sanctuaries”.

 

  • Environment, Forest and Climate Change Minister Prakash Javadekar released Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE) of 146 National Park and Wildlife Sanctuaries in the country.
  • At present, India has a network of 903 Protected Areas in the country covering about five per cent of the total geographic area of the country. In order to assess the efficacy of Protected Areas, evaluation of management effectiveness is required.
  • India has a thriving biodiversity as it has 70 percent of the global tiger population, 70 percent of Asiatic lions and more than 60 pe cent of leopard’s population.
  • The Minister announced that from this year onwards ten best National Parks, five Coastal and Marine parks and top five Zoos in the country will be ranked and awarded every year.
  • Mr Javadekar also launched the Management Effectiveness Evaluation of Indian Zoos framework which proposes guidelines, criteria and indicators for evaluation of zoos of the country.

Source: News on Air

“ISRO to adopt 100 Atal Tinkering Labs to promote education in STEM”.

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) will adopt 100 Atal Tinkering Labs (ATLs) across the country.
  • The Department of Space (DOS) and Atal Innovation Mission, NITI Aayog, announced that out of 100 ATLs, Isro adopted 45 in phase 1 on January 11 and the remaining 55 will be adopted soon, to promote education in STEM, space education and space technology related innovation for school students.
  • An Atal Tinkering Lab provides activity-based learning in the identified schools across the country where young minds can give shape to their ideas for societal problems.
  • It also fosters entrepreneurship and innovation, enabling over 3 million students between class VI to class XII to acquire a problem solving, tinkering and innovative mindset.
  • The students involved in these ATLs would be invited as guests to witness future launches from Sriharikota.

Source: Business Standard

“Bangladesh to be country of focus at 51st International Film Festival of India”.

  • Bangladesh will be the country of focus at the 51st International Film Festival of India (IFFI) starting at Goa on January 16.
  • According to a press release issued, four films from Bangladesh have been included in this section to recognise the cinematic excellence and contribution of the country.
  • The country of focus section will include Jibandhuli directed by Tanvir Mokammel, Meghmallar directed by Zahidur Rahman Anjan, Under Construction by Rubaiyat Hossain and Sincerely Yours, Dhaka by Nuhash Humanyun, Syed Ahmed Shawki and 9 other individual directors.
  • The festival will conclude on 24th January. It is being organised in a hybrid format considering the Corona pandemic.

Source: News on Air

“Tesla registers in India with the Registrar of Companies”.

  • Electric vehicle giant Tesla has officially registered with the Registrar of Companies in India, on January 12.
  • Tesla India Motors and Energy Private Ltd incorporated itself in Bengaluru, on 8 January.
  • Vaibhav Taneja, Venkatrangam Sreeram, and David Jon Feinstein are directors of the incorporated entity. It is a private unlisted company with an authorized capital of Rs 15,00,000 and a paid-up capital of Rs 1,00,000.
  • Telsa is in talks with five state governments to commence operations in India. The governments of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu have had talks with the company who are also considering local partnerships.
  • Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari had also assured that Teslawill enter the Indian market in early 2021. It will enter India with the Model 3 Sedan, expectedly priced at around Rs 60 Lakh.

Source: Dailyhunt

“First ever Ice climbing festival celebrated in Nubra valley”.

  • In Leh, the first ever Ice climbing festival was celebrated in Nubra valley. The Seven Day event was organized by Nubra Adventure Club.
  • Ice climbing is a popular winter sport abroad. Taking the cue, local adventure sports lovers have explored several ice climbing spots in Nubra valley to attract the adventure tourists to the region.
  • To promote winter tourism in Nubra valley, Nubra Adventure Club, with the help of Social activist Dr. Nordan Otzer, has organized the Seven Day Ice Climbing festival. Trainer Rigzin Tsewang said that Nubra has the potential to be the ice climbing capital in the Himalayas.
  • Time record holder of Mount Everest Hon. Capt Tsering Angchuk said such festivals would encourage the youth from Nubra to summit many un-scaled peaks in Ladakh by the locals.
  • 18 participants across Nubra valley including 4 women, have taken part in Ice climbing. All were trained in basic ice climbing skills during the festival at three locations, Podong Cake at Panamik, Artificial Glacier at Ayee Village and first ascent at ” Nubra Adventure Club Crag” located near Warshi Village. Three trainers Rigzin tsewang, Tsewang Namgyal and Kran Kowshik imparted ice climbing skills. Participants were awarded certificates as well.

Source: News on Air