Current Affairs Quiz: 10th November 2020

“World Science Day for Peace & Development 2020.”

  • World Science Day for Peace & Development 2020 is observed on 10 November to highlight the importance and relevance of science in our daily lives.
  • The day also aims to ensure that citizens are kept informed of developments in science, the role that scientists play in broadening our understanding of the remarkable, fragile planet and making our societies more sustainable.
  • The theme for World Science Day for Peace & Development 2020 is “Science for and with Society”.
  • UNESCO’s response to COVID-19 from the science perspective is structured around three major pillars:
    • Promoting international scientific cooperation.
    • Ensuring access to water
    • Supporting ecological reconstruction

Source: Jagran Josh

“Country’s longest motorable single-lane bridge inaugurated in Uttarakhand.”

  • On eve of the 20th anniversary of the formation of Uttarakhand, CM Trivendra Singh Rawat inaugurated the country’s longest single-lane bridge, Dobra-Chanti.
  • Fourteen years after it was sanctioned and 12 years after its first scheduled date of completion, the 725 metre long bridge is finally open for public use. It will cut travel time between Tehri and Pratapnagar from 5 to 1.5 hours.
  • Built over Tehri Lake at a cost of Rs 2.96 crore, the suspension bridge is expected to benefit a population of around 2.50 lakh people from Pratapnagar and Thauldhar in Tehri district.
  • Construction of the Dobra-Chanti bridge started in 2006 at an initial estimated cost of Rs 89 crore during the tenure of CM ND Tiwari. It was scheduled to be completed by 2008 but several factors delayed the project.

Source: Times of India

 “All Discoms to Come Under Energy Conservation Act, Says Power Ministry.”

  • The power ministry said it has mandated all electricity distribution utilities or discoms to comply with the Energy Conservation (EC) Act, 2001, which would reduce energy losses and bring in more transparency in the sector.
  • Earlier, only discoms with annual energy losses equal to or above 1,000 MU (million units), notified as designated consumers, used to come under the purview of the EC Act. The ministry had issued a notification on September 28, 2020 to cover all electricity distribution companies (discoms) under the preview of the EC Act, it said in a statement.
  • As per the notification, which was formulated in consultation with the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), “All entities having issued distribution license by State/Joint Electricity Regulatory Commission under the Electricity Act, 2003…” are notified as designated consumers (DCs).
  • The amendment is expected to help discoms to monitor their performance parameters and bring in transparency in the distribution sector through professional inputs, it added. It will also assist in developing projects for reducing the electricity losses by discoms and implementing effective solutions.
  • The amendment is expected to improve the financial state of discoms. The quarterly data of these discoms will be collected and monitored by the government to suggest measures for increasing the efficiency and reduce the energy losses.

Source: News 18

“DRDO develops fire-fighting system for buses.”

  • The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed a fire mitigation system in buses, which can detect fires in less than 30 seconds and extinguish it within a minute.
  • A live demonstration of the technology, “Fire Detection and Suppression System (FDSS)”, was given on Monday at an event attended by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and Road Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari.
  • The road transport ministry said demonstrations were given on water mist-based FDSS for passenger compartment and aerosol-based FDSS for engine fire. The FDSS for passenger compartment comprises a water tank of 80 litre capacity, a 6.8 kg nitrogen cylinder pressurised to 200 bar and a network of tubing with 16 number of atomizers, the ministry said.
  • FDSS for the engine comprises an aerosol generator with which the fire suppression could be achieved within 5 seconds of the system activation.
  • The active fire protection system has been developed by the Centre for Fire, Explosive and Environment Safety (CFEES), a DRDO laboratory. The transport ministry said CFEES has unique competency in the areas of fire risk assessment, fire suppression using different extinguishing mediums, modelling and simulation. It has developed systems for battle tanks, ships and submarines.

Source: Indian Defense News

“PM Modi to inaugurate office-cum-residential complex of Income Tax Appellate Tribunal at Cuttack.”

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate a state-of-the-art office-cum-residential complex of Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT) in Cuttack.
  • Union Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad, Union Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan, Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik, chief justice and judges of Orissa High Court, along with other dignitaries would also be present during the event at 4:30 pm.
  • Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, also known as ITAT, is an important statutory body in the field of direct taxes and its orders are accepted as final, on findings of fact.
  • ITAT was the first tribunal to be created on January 25, 1941 and is also known as ‘Mother Tribunal’. The Cuttack Bench of the ITAT was created and started functioning from May 23, 1970.

Source: Economic Times

“Nepal President unveils pictorial anthology on Mahatma Gandhi.”

  • A pictorial anthology on Mahatma Gandhi in the Nepali language was released here by President Bidya Devi Bhandari to mark his 151st birth anniversary and bring the Nepalese youth closer to the revered global peace icon.
  • The book titled Maile Bujheko Gandhior the Gandhi as I understood, was released at a special function at Rashtrapati Bhawan in Kathmandu in the presence of Ambassador of India to Nepal, Vinay Mohan Kwatra.
  • It was released to celebrate the 151st birth anniversary of the Father of Indian Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, and to mark the culmination of the two-year-long celebrations of ‘150 years of Mahatma’, according to a press release issued by the Indian Embassy here.
  • The book has been published by the Embassy of India along with the B P Koirala India-Nepal Foundation to “cherish the values of the Mahatma’s universal teachings with our Nepali friends,” said the press release.

Source: Indian Express

“Former Delhi chief secretary MM Kutty to head new air quality commission.”

  • Former chief secretary of Delhi MM Kutty was appointed chairperson of the Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas, according to a Personnel Ministry order.
  • Besides him, Professor Mukesh Khare, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi and Ramesh KJ, Ex-Director General, India Meteorological Department (IMD) have been appointed as the full-time technical members of the Commission, it said.
  • The commission shall have the power to lay down parameters of air quality, parameters of discharge of environmental pollutants, to inspect premises violating the law, ordering closure of non-abiding industries/plants etc., according to the ordinance.
  • The adjoining areas where the ordinance shall be in force include Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, adjoining areas of the NCR and Delhi where any source of pollution is located and is causing adverse impact on air quality in the national capital region.

Source: India TV  

“India Mobile Congress 2020 to be held from December 8-10.”

  • The India Mobile Congress (IMC) will be held in India between December 8-10. The fourth edition of the annual event will be hosted virtually this year owing to the ongoing pandemic and it will witness over 50 participating countries along with over 110 global speakers, start-ups generating over 30 hours of content in a span of three days.
  • The event is expected over 15,000 visitors this year.
  • The theme for IMC 2020 is “Inclusive Innovation – Smart | Secure | Sustainable”.
  • The event would promote Atmanirbhar Bharat (Make In India – local manufacturing and to push for Make for World), foster international regional cooperation, to inspire Satat Bharat – Sanatan Bharat (Digital inclusive in connecting nearly 6 lakh villages with optical fiber and sustainable development), promote Samagra Bharat – Saksham Bharat (entrepreneurship and innovation), drive foreign and local investments, encourage research and development in the telecom sector and emerging technology sectors and facilitate supportive regulatory and policy frameworks.

Source: Hindustan Times

“Anupam Kher unveils cover of his new book ‘Your Best Day Is Today.”

  • Veteran actor Anupam Kher unveiled the cover of his latest book “Your Best Day Is Today!”.
  • Kher had announced the book, in which he experiences during the coronavirus-induced countrywide lockdown.
  • Through this book, Kher will recount his experiences during the lockdown, several ups and downs, including the time when his mother Dulari and brother Raju Kher had contracted the virus.
  • The versatile actor’s previous two books are his biography “Lessons Life Taught Me Unknowingly” published last year and another is “The Best Thing About You is You!”, which released in 2011.

Source: New Indian Express

“Veteran author Father Valles dies at 95.”

  • Veteran author and columnist Father Carlos Gonzalvez Valles SJ, also known as Father Valles, passed away today, November 9, 2020, at the age of 95.
  • A Jesuit priest, Father Valles was born in Spain but he lived in India for nearly five decades and wrote extensively in Gujarati apart from English and Spanish.
  • Father Valles became a Jesuit novitiate at 15 and was sent to India in 1949 as a missionary. While in India, he learned the Gujarati language when he was asked to teach mathematics at the then newly opened St Xavier’s college in Ahmedabad, which had Gujarati students. He was ordained to the priesthood on April 24, 1958.
  • The priest also translated many mathematical concepts into Gujarati and coined special terms for them. He contributed regularly to Suganitam, the first mathematical review in an Indian language.
  • In 1960, the author penned a book titled Sadachar, which was published with the help of his mother. He also wrote for a monthly called Kumarand won its annual Kumar Prize for best writing. Besides, he also wrote in the Sunday supplement of Gujarat Samachar in a column called ‘Navi Pedhine’ or ‘the new generation’.
  • Father Valles wrote more than 70 books in Gujarati and about a hundred in English and Spanish, including 12 books on mathematics. Some of his works include Nine Night in India, Life with Honour, Two Countries, One life, Kutumb Mangal, Dharma Mangal, andLagnasagar, among others.

Source: Indian Express