Airports and Seaports

A Seaport is a location on a coast or a shore that contains one or more harbours where ships can dock. They are also used for transfer people and goods to and from land while an Airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport having facilities to store and maintain aircraft, and a control tower. Conventionally these both are not considered to be integrated as they service different supply chain, namely high value goods for air transport and bulk commodities. The integration of Seaport and Airport terminals takes place over two dimensions; substitution where either a maritime or an air transport segment is substituted for the other, and complementarity where they jointly support new forms of distribution. The usage of these both dimensions could lead to new forms of coordination between Seaports and Airports.



The Indian peninsula is one of the biggest in the world with a coastline spanning 7516.6 kilometers, and is responsible for a large portion of India’s export and import. According to the Ministry of Shipping, around 95% of India’s trading by volume and 70% by value is done through maritime transport. There are currently 12 major seaports in India, out of which 11 are operated under the guidance of government of India while a corporation runs 1 (Kamarajar Port (earlier Ennore port)) and the minor ports are taken care of by the Ministry of the respective States where they are located. Recently Port Blair which was notified as major port in 2010 was removed of its status. The total 200 major and non-major ports are present in the following States: Maharashtra (53); Gujarat (40); Tamil Nadu (15); Karnataka (10) and others (82). There are also 7 shipyards under the control of the central government of India, 2 shipyards controlled by state governments, and 19 privately owned shipyards.

These ports are crucial to sustain and improve India’s developing economy. These ports in India are essential for handling a majority of India’s trade. But apart from being trade centres, they also serve as tourist attractions as well. Compared to other modes available cost, capacity, and easiness of transportation via ports are most effective.

Facts about Seaports:-

  1. All major ports, except one Kamarajar Port (earlier Ennore port) are government administered.
  2. Kandla Port is the largest port of India by volume of cargo handled.
  3. Madras Port is the one of the oldest port of India and the second largest port in the country.
  4. Jawaharlal Nehru Port is the largest container port in India.


List of Major Seaports in India

Sea Port NameLocation
Chennai Port or Madras PortChennai, Madras
Haldia (Kolkata Dock System & Haldia Dock Complex)Kolkata
Jawaharlal Nehru Port, Also known as Nhava ShevaMaharashtra, South Mumbai
Kamarajar Port or Ennore PortEnnore, Chennai
Kandla PortGujarat, Gulf of Kutch
Kochi Port or Cochin PortKochi, Kerala
New Mangalore PortManglore, Karnataka
Mormugao PortPanaji, Goa
Mumbai PortWest Mumbai, Maharashtra
Panaji portPanaji Goa
Paradip portJagatsinghpur, Odisha
Tuticorin Port (now called V.O.Chidambaram Port)Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu
Visakhapatnam portVisakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh


With luxury travel slowly becoming affordable to the middle class as well, air travel has seen a never before increase. This has promoted India’s tourism and hotel industry and has strengthened its economy. There are more than twenty airports in India that handle international flights.

Major airports in India offer both domestic and overseas flights. As the travel and tourism sector of the country is thriving at a rapid pace, the airport transportation network of the country effectively fulfils the needs of a large number of tourists and visitors who are arriving in the country from distant locations. This is making a significant contribution to the economic development of the country in a special way. The country is home to over 20 international airports and various national airports. Over 335 civilian airports in the country are there and they can be categorized into two parts namely

  1. Airports with concreted runways (250) and
  2. Airports with caliche-topped runways (96).

The Indira Gandhi International Airport of Delhi and the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport of Mumbai alone handle more than half of the air traffic in South Asia. Recently, Bhubaneshwar and Imphal airports were declared as international airports by the Union Cabinet to encourage economic development and boost international tourism.


List of Major Airports in India

Airports NameLocation
Veer Savarkar International AirportPort Blair,Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Visakhapatnam AirportVisakhapatnam,Andhra Pradesh
Rajiv Gandhi International AirportHyderabad, Telangana
Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International AirportGuwahati, Assam
Indira Gandhi International AirportNew Delhi, Delhi
Dabolim Airport (Goa International Airport)Dabolim, Goa
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International AirportAhmedabad, Gujarat
Kempegowda International AirportBengaluru, Karnataka
Mangalore International AirportMangalore, Karnataka
Cochin International AirportKochi, Kerala
Calicut International AirportKozhikode, Kerala
Trivandrum International AirportThiruvananthapuram, Kerala
Chhatrapati Shivaji International AirportMumbai, Maharashtra
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International AirportNagpur, Maharashtra
Tulihal AirportImphal, Manipur
Biju Patnaik International AirportBhubaneswar, Odisha
Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International AirportAmritsar, Punjab
Jaipur International AirportJaipur, Rajasthan
Chennai International AirportChennai, Tamil Nadu
Coimbatore International AirportCoimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Tiruchirapalli International AirportTiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu
Chaudhary Charan Singh AirportLucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Lal Bahadur Shastri AirportVaranasi, Uttar Pradesh
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International AirportKolkata, West Bengal
Gaya AirportGaya, Bihar
Surat International AirportSurat, Gujarat
Vadodara International AirportVadodara, Gujarat
Sheikh ul-Alam International AirportSrinagar, Jammu & Kashmir
Kannur International AirportKannur, Kerala
Pune International AirportPune, Maharashtra
Birsa Munda AirportRanchi, Jharkhand
Bagdogra AirportSiliguri, West Bengal